Tutor profile: Katie M.
Marcus dicit Caesarem ad urbem currere. 1. Why is the infinitive form of the verb used in this sentence? 2. What case is 'urbem' and why? 3. Translate the sentence.
1. It is an indirect statement. The subject of the reported statement is in the accusative case and the verb is an infinitive. 2. It is accusative following the preposition 'ad'. 3. Marcus says that Caesar is running towards the city.
Write three sentences to describe a tree using three different writing techniques. State which technique you've used and briefly explain why it is effective.
1. In the battering storm, the tree flailed it's arms in resistance. I've used ANTHROPOMORPHISM. By giving the tree human qualities, it elevates the reader's fear and creates sympathy for the tree. 2. The roots of the oak tree stretched deep into the ground like the tentacles of an octopus in the sand. I've used a SIMILE. The simile moves the mind from land to sea, stimulating different senses of the reader. 3. The textured trunk of the tree still felt rough against my hardened hand. I've used ALLITERATION. By drawing attention to the sounds of the words as well as their meaning, the description becomes more vivid and interesting.
Why might we situate Shakespeare's play, 'As You Like It', in the pastoral genre?
'Shakespeare's setting situates 'As You Like It' in the pastoral genre. The rural Forest of Arden stands in contrast to the urban, setting the untarnished, simple life of the shepherds against the vanities and complexities of the court. Arden acts as an escape for the characters of the court, to which they retreat to act out their romantic fantasies in a rural idyll. Life in Arden is 'exempt from public haunt' and 'finds...good in everything', unlike the hierarchical court. Yet we find contrasts within the Forest of Arden too. Shakespeare challenges the image of the rural idyll by noting the hard labor of the shepherds. Arden becomes a rural setting that we can relate to, rather than simply a magical place of romantic fantasy. These realities encourage us to look back through the tradition of the pastoral genre to the Greek poet Theocritus, who celebrated shepherd life. By bringing in these different aspects of the rural, Shakespeare is exploring the development of the tradition. Though the reality of the shepherd may seem to challenge the natural idyll, it in fact further situates the play in the pastoral by exploring different and changing aspects of the genre.
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