What is the "Iron Triangle?"
The "Iron Triangle" refers to the policy-making relationship between congressional committees, the bureaucracy, and interest groups. This relationship is referred to as a "triangle" as each of the 3 sections serves the next in a cyclical manner. Interest groups offer electoral support to Congress in exchange for policy support, Congress offers funding and political support to the bureaucracy, and the bureaucracy offers lower regulation and other favors to interest groups. Through this process, policy is made.
What is the difference between a republic and a democracy?
A democracy is a form of government by the people. This can be a direct democracy, where individuals vote on issues themselves, or a representative democracy, where individuals elect representatives to vote on their behalf. A republic is also a form of government ruled by the majority, but with added protections for certain unalienable rights for minority groups. Being a democracy and a republic are not mutually exclusive. For example, the system of government in the United States can be defined as a representative democratic republic.
What were the causes of the War of 1812?
Known as the "second war of American independence," the War of 1812 was largely caused by continued British presence and involvement in the United States even after the American Revolution. Leading up to the war, the British imposed trade restrictions on the United States, impressed thousands of American soldiers, and supported Native American tribes fighting settlers heading West. Amid this tension, President James Madison declared war in June 1812.