Tutor profile: Alexis M.
Subject: Study Skills
How can I best study for my upcoming exam?
The most effective way to study is to engage in retrieval practice. This means, you should try to remember the material on your own before going back to your notes. You can do this in multiple ways, like through flashcards or a practice exam. You may feel like you don't know enough to test yourself yet, but research shows, testing yourself is always better than re-reading! And always remember to start your studying as early as possible, try scheduling times to study in the two weeks preceding your exam.
Are hallucinations a negative symptom of Schizophrenia?
Nice question, this is a tricky concept. We usually think that negative means something bad, however, that is not the case here. A negative symptom actually means something that is abnormally absent in a patient. So, since hallucinations are present in schizophrenia, it is actually a positive symptom. An example of a negative symptoms are the lack of appropriate emotional responses, thoughts, speech or behaviors.
Subject: Cognitive Science
What is the difference between short-term and long-term memory?
Great question, this topic can be confusing for many students, because short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) are subjective phrases. Have you ever seen the movie, Finding Nemo? Well, Dory doesn't actually suffer from STM loss, she actually has problems with her LTM. Psychologists reserve the term STM for information which is stored in the mind from a moment to moment basis. STM lasts no longer than 20 seconds, and is only relevant to one's current goals. STM only relies on temporary activation of the brain and information is lost if not rehearsed. Recent LTM includes memories you may have stored from last month to this morning. Memories from over a month to years ago are considered to be apart of your remote LTM. LTM is formed through rehearsal of information, which makes neuronal connections in the brain stronger and information becomes accessible anytime. So, Dory's STM works just fine! But it seems she has trouble converting her STM into LTM, thus, she forgets information really quickly.
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