Tutor profile: Hannah S.
What are some explanations for Bertha Mason's presence in the novel Jane Eyre?
The character of Bertha Mason can be viewed in several ways. Some theorist believe that she serves a psychological double for Jane. Bertha's outburst (such as setting the bed on fire and trying to kill Mr Mason) all happen when Jane is feeling particularity strong emotions and repressing those emotions. This interpretation views Bertha as a way for Jane to express feelings and act in a way her society would not allow a proper woman to feel and act. Another popular interpretation of Bertha looks at her through a post colonial lens. This view focuses on how Bertha is a creole woman who a British man feel in love with and brought back to England where she goes mad. One can look at Bertha as a pro colonial argument and representation of what happens when colonies revolt, she is taken by England, held captive, tries to escape and dies in the attempt. However, she can be used as an anti colonial argument, because of her interactions with Mr Rochester (England) she goes insane and is locked up, while if he had left her alone both of them would have been significantly happier.
According to the DSM-5 what is the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II? How do you know which disorder is the appropriate diagnosis?
The difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II (as with all mood disorders) is the type or types of mood episodes that are present. With Bipolar I all that is required is at least one manic episode. With Bipolar II the patient must have at least one hypomanic episode AND at least one major depressive episode. Though people with Bipolar I often have major depressive episodes as well as manic episodes, they presence of a major depressive episode is not required for diagnosis. The difference between a manic episode and a hypomanic episode is the severity and duration. Hypomanic episodes do not impair functioning, require hospitalization or have psychotic features and while a manic episode must last a minimum of one week, a hypomanic episode last a minimum of four days.
What is important to consider when writing a thesis statement?
Thesis statements are the back bone of an essay and as such should be insightful and original. When writing a compelling thesis it is important to remember the questions commonly asked by two-year-olds and preteens; why and so what? Asking why allows you to narrow in on what you truly want to say in the paper, don't just say that Elizabeth turning down Mr Collin and Mr Darcy's proposals shows a subverting of gender expectations, tell the reader why it does so. Asking so what allows you to focus in on why the reader should care about your argument. Elizabeth turning down Mr Collin and Mr Darcy's proposals showed her subverting gender exceptions because women of the time were seen as having a duty to marry well. So what? You have to explain why the reader should care. Asking yourself these questions, and giving insightful answers will allow your thesis statement (and consequently your paper) to truly shine.
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