Tutor profile: Cassiopeia M.
What is the structural function of a introduction in a written work?
Beyond simple summary, an introduction functions in two related ways: it hooks the reader and it tells the reader how to think about the work it introduces. The hook is designed to get the reader's attention as early as possible, which is why it is often recommended to begin "in media res" (Latin for "in the middle of the thing"). Starting an introduction by relating a fact of interest about the topic or recounting a relevant historical event can be an effective way to hook readers. An introduction tells readers how to approach the work by providing context for what is to come. A good introduction tells readers why they should care about the topic and provides any context necessary for the forthcoming analysis or argument. It also has tone and sentence structure consistent with the rest of the piece, so once the reader finishes the introduction, they know what to expect from the body and conclusion.
What is a motif, and how do motifs function in stories? Provide an example from literature.
A motif is a recurring image or object in a creative work. It often functions thematically, suggesting a similarity between seemingly disparate characters or events. In "The Great Gatsby," the recurring green light is a motif that symbolizes Gatsby's dreams--both obtaining Daisy's love and fulfilling the American Dream, which are interconnected in his mind.
Subject: Gender Studies
Briefly describe the viewpoints of biological essentialism and social constructivism as related to gender and medical sex.
Biological essentialism is the viewpoint that a person's medical sex is rooted in their physiology. It holds that genetics (particularly sex chromosomes) and/or genitalia are the determining factors of medical sex. This often extends to the belief that gender and medical sex are fundamentally related and as such that a person's gender is likewise rooted in their physiology. Social constructivism is the viewpoint that gender is constructed by social and cultural norms. It holds that gender is personal and mutable, as well as that variant gender performance can alter social conceptions of gender. This often extends to the belief that medical sex is similarly constructed, and as such, that systems of sex categorization create false binaries of "male" and "female."
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