What are the major shortcomings of the conflict theory perspective?
Critics of conflict theory argue that it overemphasizes tensions and divisions in society between dominant and subordinate groups and underemphasizes the stability and order that exists within societies. It often fails to adequately explain why people work together and cooperate.
Describe the differences and similarities between reinforcement and punishment.
Both reinforcement and punishment are tools used to develop learning through operant conditioning, in which a stimulus is either delivered or removed immediately after a behavior. Reinforcement attempts to increase the probability that a specific behavior will occur in the future, whereas punishment aims to decrease the probability that it will occur.
What were the outcomes of Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion, and what lasting effects did it have?
Those suspected of having been involved in Nat Turner's Rebellion were executed, and many blacks, who had nothing to do with the rebellion, were beaten, tortured and murdered by angry white mobs. Southerner's fear of other revolts happening resulted in new slave codes being enacted to restrict slaves' movement and to outlaw the education of slaves. Free blacks and abolitionists were also restricted from questioning slavery in any form and faced much more violent opposition than before the rebellion. The long-term impacts of Nat Turner's Rebellion were the South becoming more vigilant in defending slavery as a "positive good" and curtailed the discussion of abolition.