Tutor profile: Saoirse S.
What is the structure of a body paragraph?
A body paragraph contains the following sections in this order: 1) Topic Sentence: This is the first sentence of the paragraph. As the name suggests, the topic sentence introduces the reader to the specific topic of the paragraph. A good topic sentence connects to the thesis of the essay as well as the paragraph before. 2) Expansion: In the expansion, the writer elaborates on the topic sentence and introduces any context or new information/vocabulary the reader needs to understand the following sections. The expansion also sets the reader up for the evidence. 3) The Evidence: The evidence is where the writer provides proof to support their argument. The evidence can take many forms depending on the type of paper. For a literary analysis paper, this would be a quotation form the primary source, for an anthropology or sociology paper, this would be a statistic or a paraphrase from a report, for a policy analysis paper, it could be a clause from a policy. Any outside information that supports the writer's argument for the paragraph would be included in this section. 4) Analysis: In this section, the writer analyzes the evidence and details how it supports their argument. Each aspect of the evidence is closely analyzed and connected to the topic sentence as well as the larger thesis. 5) Transition Sentence: This is the last sentence of the paragraph. In this sentence, the writer wraps up the paragraph and seamlessly connects it to the topic of the next paragraph.
What is the function of the poetic line?
In literature, the line serves as the fundamental unit of sense-making in poetry as opposed to the sentence for prose. While the sentence is constructed in accordance with the rules of grammar, the line disrupts that syntactical logic while enhancing, interrupting, complicating and/or challenging the function of the sentence as a linguistic artefact. It also ergulates breath, pace, and silence within a poem.
What is the singular "they"?
In English, "they" functions as a pronoun for plural (more than one) subjects like in the sentence - "They both came to the party." For singular subjects, the pronouns "he" or "she" would be used depending on the gender of the subject. However, whenever the gender of the subject is not known, or if the subject is nonbinary or genderqueer (and uses they/them pronouns), we use the singular "they" to refer to them like in the sentence - "They came to the party." A singular "they" is paired with plural verbs in respect to subject-verb agreement. The singular "they" has been in usage from the times of Chaucer. A number of style guides like the AP Stylebook, The Washington Post style guide and the Chicago Manual of Style all accept singular they as grammatically correct.
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