Compare and contrast procedural law and substantive law.
Substantive laws are the written statutory rules passed by legislature in which govern actions of people. These laws define crimes and set forth punishment. They also define our rights and responsibilities as citizens. Procedural law on the other hand describes how the legal case should be conducted. This includes including steps to process a case and following due process as listed in the 14th Amendment.
What is Gerrymandering?
Gerrymandering is the practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries for electoral reasons. This district then becomes known as a gerrymander. Pros: If a political district is drawn to overwhelmingly favor a party then most people in that district will be happy with their representative. However, in districts that are split closely down the middle in parties, then many would be unhappy with their representative. Therefore, gerrymandering can be used to attempt to group similar parties together to make more citizens sastfied with their representative. It also allows for minority parties to receive representation. For example, if the majority of all voters in of the districts in Texas are Republican voters, Republican candidates would win every seat with gerrymandering. However, gerrymandering would allow for the districts to be redrawn to group many Democrats together to allow for a Democratic candidate to win the seat. Cons: This technique provides wasted votes for any minority party voter in the elections. Additionally, this allows politicians to decide the outcomes of elections rather than pure statistics.
What is public policy?
Public policy is the actions government takes to maintain and address the needs of society. This broad category defines the collective set of laws, agencies, and governing bodies that assist in developing our civilization. Public policy attempts to solve issues within society to help citizens maintain their rights. Examples of public policy include Social Security, regulations, court decisions, and civil rights.