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Daniel B.
Experienced English writing tutor
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Writing
TutorMe
Question:

How do you structure a decent essay?

Daniel B.
Answer:

Structuring a decent essay works on a formula. When implemented, this formula creates an essay that flows naturally. The general structure of an essay is as follows: - Introduction - Body paragraphs - Conclusion Now within this, each individual paragraph has its own individual structural formula: - Introduction o Establish the question o Assert your answer to the question o Summarise all your key points and arguments you will use to back your answer up. In other words, summarise each paragraph - Body paragraphs o Incorporate a topic statement that asserts the purpose of the paragraph o Make a claim that relates to the question o Back your claim up using evidence o Analyse the evidence by relating it to your argument o Summarise the paragraph and relate it back to your question - Conclusion o Same formula as the introduction, only retrospective in nature

English
TutorMe
Question:

What is passive voice and is there anything wrong with it.

Daniel B.
Answer:

Passive voice is where the object of a sentence is introduced before the subject. Normally, in an English sentence, the subject would be established first. For example: 'Jonny (the subject) ate the apple (the object).' Passive voice would write this sentence as follows: 'The apple (the object) was eaten by Jonny (the subject). There are no specific grammatical rules that state that writing in passive voice is grammatically incorrect. In fact, its usage can be useful at times. However, there are a number of stylistic issues with using passive voice. Passive voice makes a sentence unnecessarily long and convoluted in a language where brevity is important to clarity. Furthermore, using passive voice places emphasis on the object, where the subject should usually be the focus of attention in academic writing.

Criminal Justice
TutorMe
Question:

What are the main contemporary issues that the Criminal Justice Sector faces?

Daniel B.
Answer:

There are a number of contemporary issues that the Criminal Justice Sector faces. One of the most challenging issues that criminal justice professionals around the world have to manage is the growing rate of incarceration. This is a particular issue in the United States of America, where mass incarceration has become commonplace. The rate of incarceration in the United States outstrips other OECD nations, especially with mass incarceration of ethnic minorities. Dealing with this issue requires policy-makers to take a multi-faceted approach: 1) The privatization of prisons in the USA provides an added incentive to treat our prisoners with punitive measures. By re-structuring our prison system as a money-making, profit-driven sector, prison workers have no added incentives to rehabilitate incarcerated individuals. 2) There is an underlying culture in the Western World that has become predisposed to punishment. This is a particularly pervasive phenomenon within countries that operate neo-liberal political economies, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand. Addressing cultural attitudes toward punishment thus becomes essential to our efforts to curb the growing rate of imprisonment. 3) Finally, the psychological implications for prisoners is a serious area of concern. By placing prisoners within an environment that reinforces criminogenic values and exacerbates pre-existing socioeconomic conditioning, prisoners are better placed to learn and refine criminal behavior. These are just a few contemporary issues that the modern criminal justice sector faces.

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