Tutor profile: Madalaine M.
Why is it important that university students take a writing course in college, even if they are in a program such as the STEM field?
Basic writing skills are essential in everyday life and are needed in a wide variety of careers, anywhere from a lawyer to an engineer. Everyone needs to know how to effectively and efficiently relay what they are saying or doing in writing or through verbal communication. Practicing writing and learning new and improved skills will not only help students to become better writers but will also help them communicate successfully to their co-workers and peers. Well-rounded students not only need to master their field, but display a wide variety of knowledge in other disciplines. Having even basic writing skills will make students extremely employable and desired by several employers when they graduate.
Subject: US Government and Politics
Describe the difference between free and paid media for political campaigns. Why are both sources necessary and useful for political candidates and their constituents?
Paid and free media are both necessary to relaying information to the public and political figures when it comes to elections. Paid media is essentially advertising and external marketing for candidates, the people who support these candidates pay for also (Iyengar, 2016). Free media is news coverage and promotional efforts that candidates do not have to pay for (Iyengar, 2016). The main difference is that candidates or their supporters pay for the paid media, they also get to choose what gets done with these. With free media the candidates or their supporters do not pay for this, but they also do not get to decide what this media is about. Political campaigns utilize both paid and free media to get their message across to the public and to try and get elected. Politicians use paid media to portray themselves very well and making the public believe that they are the best fit for the job. They also portray their opponent as bad and try to associate a negative connotation with them to help uplift their own image. These negative ads against their opponents are used to scare people and to elicit fear (Zagorski, 2018). Their overall goal is to make themselves appeal to the public like they are fit to represent them, and to make their opponent look bad so they can get elected. Free media is also utilized by political candidates. Since they cannot control free media most of the time they have to use this as a way to get their name out to the people. As a candidate, it is their goal to get elected and people need to know who they are to do so. By having their name in the press (free media) this gives them exposure and makes people recognize who that person is. Giving people a name to faintly remember can increase their chance of getting voted for when people remember that name when they are voting. A great example of how political candidates use free media to help them win elections would be President Trump in the 2016 election. He used an extremely low amount of paid media, and relied on getting exposure from free media, this ended up working well for him. The news media also utilizes both the free and paid media to get their goals accomplished. They use the free media to get their voices heard also. The people who work for the media also have political agendas, so they can use that platform to let others hear their political opinions also. They can also use the free media to let people know about essential political information that they should hear. The news media uses paid media to formulate stories for them to publish. They can write interesting stories on various attack ads that certain candidates decided to use and if they are correct or not. News media also can rely on issue advocacy to let the people know about important political issues that affect a broad range of people (Iyengar, 2016).
Subject: US History
What role did enlightenment thinkers play during the American Revolution?
Without enlightenment thinkers questioning what was occurring in the colonies and beyond and spreading their ideas to the public the American Revolution would not have ended in independence. Karl Marx questioned class struggle and what it meant to be a have or a have not, this is important to the American Revolution when the people started to use other philosophers’ ideas to question who had and who did not have liberty. John Locke wrote about equality, liberty, and freedoms that everyone should have which played a huge part in the protests that occurred during the American Revolution (Second Treatise). Using power as a key idea, Thomas Hobbes also thought that liberty was key to each man's life preservation (Leviathan). Thomas Paine had more influence after the protests but wrote in Common Sense that the people should have natural rights and need to get rid of tyranny. All of these philosophers’ ideas were used and brought to life in the American Revolution.
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