Tutor profile: Jennifer K.
Subject: Library and Information Science
What is the current number of COVID-19 cases in the United States and which state has the most and least amount of cases?
Thank you for your question! According to the July 22nd update on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, the current number of total cases in the US is 3,882,167. The state with the highest number of cases is California with 400,769 cases. The state with the lowest number of cases is Vermont with 1,366.
Subject: Early Childhood Education
What does research say about the importance of executive functioning skills in early childhood education?
Thank you for your question! Executive functioning skills are the skills that children need to learn and develop. There are three core skills (as defined by this Harvard University publication (https://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/activities-guide-enhancing-and-practicing-executive-function-skills-with-children-from-infancy-to-adolescence/): working memory or the ability to store information and retrieve it, inhibitory control which makes it possible for children to focus, not be distracted, and resist impulses, and cognitive flexibility that enables children to "switch gears" and be flexible with changing demands and priorities. The research on the importance of executive functioning for early childhood and K-12 education indicates that these skills are necessary for reading and math learning. The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University has developed some excellent activities for enhancing these skills in children of all ages (https://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/activities-guide-enhancing-and-practicing-executive-function-skills-with-children-from-infancy-to-adolescence/) Here are two other resources Ehmke R. (n.d.) Helping kids who struggle with executive functions. Child Mind Institute. https://childmind.org/article/helping-kids-who-struggle-with-executive-functions/ Zelazo' P. D.' Blair' C. B.' & Willoughby' M. T. (2017). Executive function: Implications for education (NCER 2017-2000). Jessup' MD: U.S. Department of Education' Institute of Education Sciences' National Center for Education Research. https://eric.ed.gov/?&id=ED570880
What are some good resources to use for my term paper on how teachers can deal with disruptive students?
Thank you for your question! Classroom behavior managment is certainly a concern for teachers, families, and school staff. In particular, there is a concern that responses to behavior with some disciplinary strategies are not very effective For a start, here are some resources that you might consult for your paper that discuss how teachers can help students' with their behavior effectively. If you need additional assistance, do let me know! Larson, K. E., Pas, E. T., Bradshaw, C. P., Rosenberg, M. S., & Day-Vines, N. L. (2018). Examining how proactive management and culturally responsive teaching relate to student behavior: Implications for measurement and practice. School Psychology Review, 47(2), 153–166. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1182041 Owens, J. S., Holdaway, A. S., Smith, J., Evans, S. W., Himawan, L. K., Coles, E. K., ... & Dawson, A. E. (2018). Rates of common classroom behavior management strategies and their associations with challenging student behavior in elementary school. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 26(3), 156-169. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1187699.pdf Rafa, A. (2018). Alternative school discipline strategies. Policy Snapshot. Education Commission of the States. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED581578.pdf Simonsen, B., Freeman, J., Goodman, S., Mitchell, B., Swain-Bradway, J. Flannery, B. et al. (2015). Supporting and responding to behavior: Evidence-based strategies for teachers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. http://dropoutprevention.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Simonsen_Fairbanks_Briesch_Myers_Sugai_2008.pdf
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