Tutor profile: Selena B.
How do I construct a paragraph?
Each sentence after the first sentence of a paragraph should be adding more context to the first sentence. Each new detail is meant to further prove the original statement. *Example: “Cats are smarter than dogs. This is because cats’ brains develop faster and grow bigger than dogs’ brains. As a result, cats are able to think more clearly and learn tricks better than dogs do. In one study, cats were able to get out of a maze five times faster than dogs. For this reason, many people believe cats should be used by law enforcement officials instead of dogs.” In this example, you see that after the first sentence (“Cats are smarter than dogs”) all of the following sentences in the paragraph are just offering more information about that first idea. This is how you make sure a paragraph stays on topic and continues to build on an argument. *The info offered in the example is entirely made up.
What does Michel Foucault say about the panopticon?
The panopticon refers to a prison design in which prisoners can be watched by guards at all times. As a result of this constant surveillance, prisoners self-monitor their behavior for fear of being caught in misconduct and subsequently disciplined. According to Foucault, this type of 24/7 surveillance exists in society as well. Community members live in fear of being caught out of line by their fellow community members. Consequently, individuals begin to police themselves without the need for outside intervention.
What's a sentence fragment?
A fragment is a faulty sentence because it lacks at least one of three important sentence components: a verb, a subject, and a complete thought. Example: The cat hides. When it rains. The phrase, "When it rains," is a fragment because it lacks a complete thought. As a result, it leaves the reader wondering what happens when it rains. Even though the phrase makes sense in the context of the previous sentence, it's important for each sentence to be able to stand alone. Here is how you could fix it: Example: The cat hides when it rains.
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