Tutor profile: James C.
How can I better organize my paper?
Before you begin even the rough draft of a paper you must have an outline. Start off with a Roman numeral I with whichever paragraph it may be (intro, body, etc.). Underneath put a capital A and this is the idea or subject is you are going to be addressing in this part of the paragraph. Underneath here, you can either put smaller letters or numbers that are going to be the meat of the idea or subject you are extrapolating on. You have to put structure around your paper in an outline and finish it before you write the real thing. Once you have finished and write your actual paper, it will have much better organization and content.
Subject: US Government and Politics
What is the difference between layer cake (dual) and marble cake (cooperative) federalism and which of these best describes the current American government?
Layer cake federalism (dual federalism) is the idea that the federal, state, and municipal governments operate in their own separate spheres. In this system, each level of government is independent of one another. While this idea sounds nice in regard to the constitution it does not take into account the ever changing and expanding nature of both governments. Marble cake federalism (cooperative federalism) rests on the idea that all of these entities have vested interests and interrelated policies with each other. This idea of federalism allows for all levels of government to run smoother and more cohesively, allowing for the needs of each level of government to be met. Currently, America operates within the cooperative federalism model. One way we can see this system is through different levels of representation of each state working on common interests. A U.S. congressperson will work to get the funding they need for their district. Those involved at the lower levels of government will provide them with vital information in regard to their needs so they can better advocate for them.
How do I effectively conclude my paper without sounding redundant?
To write an effective conclusion, you must remember that you are not trying to introduce new ideas to the reader. The goal of the conclusion is to succinctly wrap up what you have already argued in the paragraphs before. A lot of teachers call this the "so what?" part and it is certainly the most difficult part of any paper. Be sure to reinforce your thesis, the points in your body paragraphs, and let the reader know why what you just wrote is important- so what? It is important not to have a conclusion be too short nor too long winded. Think of a show recap on Netflix when you come back for a new season- except here you are briefly going over your research and ending with something that is going to make the reader see the significance in your work.
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