Why is the media considered the "watchdog" of the government?
The media is considered the "watchdog" of the government because they have the resources and time in order to successfully evaluate and relay information to the general public. The average person between work, family, and other responsibilities would simply never have the time to actually look into what was being sent out to the general public, and investigate if they were being told the truth or not. Up until the Vietnam War, the United States government had been able to control the story. They went, for the most part, unchallenged and the average citizen had no reason to ever question what was being said to them. However, once the Vietnam War began, it becomes apparent that what was being relayed to the general public was not entirely true. This all came to a head with the famous Pentagon Papers being released which showed that the government had not been telling the complete truth to its people. It was the media that was able to bring this information to light, and share it with the masses. To this day the media is able to look at and evaluate what government officials are sending out, as well as able to report on what happens behind closed doors. It allows the general public to have access to as much information on what the government is doing as they desire. Providing people with the opportunity to learn what all is happening in their government is one of the keys to a successful democracy. The people have a right to know what the officials they elected are doing on their behalf. It is an essential job to have since they are able to make sure the government is telling its people the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth so help them, God.
What were the four main causes of World War 1?
The easiest way to remember this by using the Acronym MAIN. M-militarization A-alliances I-imperialism N-nationalism Militarization is essentially the building up of one's armies and improving weapon technology. It is during this time period that many new types of warfare would be introduced into the field of battle. Tanks, planes, and new warships would all make their entrance into this new age of combat. In addition, chemical weapons, like mustard gas, would be new tools used on battlefields in WW1. Alliances were a driving factor in the start of World War 1 because everyone was connected in one way or another. If you attacked anyone, you would instantly have unknowingly also started a war with several other countries. Battle lines were being drawn and so as soon as one country entered a war, it would start a domino effect that would bring many others in as well. Imperialism and colonizing were very popular during this time period on a worldly level. The technology had come so far that the conditions were just right for more advanced countries to begin to colonize and take over new territory. Much of the tension from imperialism took place in Africa as Germany began to expand and wanted to take land that Great Britain and France had claimed for themselves. Nationalism was at an all-time high during this time period. People loved being from where they were from and wanted the world to know it. The world was extremely competitive during this time to show that their country was better than everyone else's. This cause of WW1 made tensions rise and gave the perfect conditions for the largest conflict in the history of the world up to this point. When these four factors were put together, it was a perfect storm for a war. With the built-up militaries, intertwined alliances, disagreements on territory, and an overall sense of nationalism allowed for World War 1 to begin.
Why is the battle of Gettysburg considered the "high water mark" of the Confederacy?
The battle of Gettysburg is regularly referred to as the "turning point" of the Civil War. That push into Pennsylvania in the summer of 1863 would be the closest the Confederacy got to outright winning the war. After this engagement, Robert E. Lee and the army of northern Virginia would change almost everything about their style of fighting. Instead of being on the offensive side of the war, they would audible to a more defensive style in conducting their war. Until this loss, the southern states were steadily winning battles and pushing more north towards Lincoln and the capital. Lincoln knew they needed a victory for morale as well as to stop the advance of the Confederate army. If the Union lost this battle there would have been effectively nothing stopping the South from marching all the way to Washington D.C. Each of the first two days of Gettysburg the Confederates had opportunities to break the Union line but were stopped just before their victory could happen. On the third day of fighting Robert E. Lee was beginning to grow impatient. He felt as though if he sent the full force of his army at the center of the northern defenses it would ultimately break their lines. After a long list of poor Union generals, they finally caught a break when they gave General George Meade the opportunity to lead the army of the Potomac. He had them positioned on the high ground which would be one of the difference makers in this battle. The third day of fighting is commonly known as Pickett's Charge as General George Pickett lead a full frontal assault on the Union lines. The irony of this engagement is how much it resembled the Battle of Fredericksburg, but with the sides switched. Instead of the Confederate army dug in with the Union army attempting a full frontal assault, the Union now had the ideal defensible position. During Pickett's Charge, the southern army got all the way to the Union line and began to push them back. However, some well-timed reinforcements ultimately made the southerners retreat. They had sustained so many casualties that when the North was able to send in more soldiers they simply did not have the manpower to continue the attack. The Union army held just enough and it saved the war for the North. When they got back to their lines Robert E. Lee saw George Pickett and asked him why he was not with his division. General Pickett famously responded, "General, I have no division." Nine total generals would be killed at this battle, with six of them coming on the Confederate side. Substantial casualties, as well as loss of generals for the Confederate army, would be something that they never fully recover from for the rest of the war. After this battle, the South would turn to a much more defensive style of fighting, and never returned north. That charge into the Union lines on day three of the Battle of Gettysburg would be the closest the South got to winning the Civil War and is now known as the "high water mark" of the Confederacy.