What is the difference between a closed and open-ended questions? Why is it important to know the difference?
A closed question is one that can be answered with a yes or no. An example of a closed question is: “Did you go to school today?” While an open-ended questions require more than a “yes” or “no” and requires more thought and explanation. An example of an open-ended: “Why did you go to school today?” It is important to know the difference between the two because deciding which type of question to ask depends on the intended outcome. Prior to forming and asking a question it is important that you consider the results you want from an answer. If you are taking a survey, closed questions are better because it makes it easier to gather the data and make conclusions. Whereas, if you are checking for understanding, it is best to use an open-ended question because the person answering is required to show and explain their understanding.
Why do sociologist suggests that human behavior is best understood as learned behavior rather than ‘natural’ one?
Sociologist suggests human behavior is learned because we are not born with genes or natural instincts that dictates our behavior. We are born with the natural instinct’s to sleep and eat; however, we are not born with the knowledge that “girls like pink” and “boys like blue.” Sociologist know that this is not our natural instinct because different cultures and societies differ so drastically. If humans were born with these natural instincts there would be more conformity throughout the world. As humans’, our environment changes and we experience more. As we are exposed to these new situations we learn and adapt new behaviors that best fit. Our constant adaptions suggest that our human behavior is learned
How did the peace settlement of World War I impact World War II?
The WWI peace settlement, Treaty of Versailles, imposed harsh restrictions on Germany as punishment for their role in World War I. Some of these restrictions included: taking away German territories, restricting their military and paying reparations. These restrictions weakened Germany socially, politically and economically leaving them ripe for a strong leader. Germans felt as if the settlement had unfairly punished them and with nationalism sweeping European nations, Germany too wanted a country they could be proud of. As Adolf Hitler gained popularity and support, Germans saw his promises as a way to make Germany a strong and powerful nation once again. With the support of his nation, Hilter began to re-militarize Germany’s army and invade countries, such as Czechoslovakia. Although other European nations acknowledged his violations of the treaty, it was not until he invaded Poland that they acted – resulting in the beginning of World War I.