When writing a fictional story, what is the typical structure to follow?
Classic dramatic structure is the most common and widely used formula for plotting a story - whether this be a short story or a longer body of work. To help you visualize the structure, imagine an upside-down check mark: it starts low on the left hand side and gradually rises to a peak that quickly falls. The beginning of the structure is the initiating incident. This is an event that interrupts the protagonist's typical day. This conflict produces rising action - series of events that increase trouble for the protagonist, leading them to the climax (the peak of the upside-down check mark). This is when the protagonist faces the opportunity to make a decision that affects the resolution (the falling peak and conclusion to your story).
What is a good study strategy for reading through textbooks?
A well-known and well-regarded strategy is referred to as the SQ3R Strategy. This stands for survey, question, read, recall, review. Step 1 (survey) asks us to skim the text for main themes and concepts. Step 2 (question) asks us to turn the subheadings we see during step one into questions. Step 3 (read) asks us to read through the assigned text for understanding. At this point, you should attempt to answer the questions you composed from step three. Step 4 (recall) asks us to recall the most important information we took from our reading. Without looking at the text itself - or notes- try writing a summary in your own words of each section you have read. Step 5 (review) asks us look back over notes, continue creating and answering questions. Try answering these questions without your notes and text. This strategy is particularly helpful, as it allows us to engage with the text at hand and maximize our retention of information.
What social-psychological principle does the Kitty Genovese case illustrate?
The Kitty Genovese case is the most well-known example of the bystander effect - in fact, it prompted the investigation of this principle. Genovese's murder was witnessed by many people, but no one acted to help. Why was that? The bystander effects says that people are less likely to act within a situation when they know others are present.