Explain the difference between "Manifest function" and "Latent function".
The manifest function refers to the intended and obvious purpose of an institution. These functions are the actions that society intended for the institution to attain. The latent function encompasses the unrecognized and unconscious consequences of an institution, these functions were not intentional when creating the institutions but have come about regardless. For example we can determine the functions of the institution of education. The manifest function of education would be to educate members of society. It is imperative for a society to have members that have the skills to be economically productive. The latent function of this institution would be to socialize members of society. It is within school grounds where most adolescents find their peer groups and even find intimate relationships. While this was not the purpose intended by this institution, it occurs nonetheless.
What is the atomic mass of a carbon isotope with 8 neutrons?
To find the atomic mass of this isotope you will need a periodic table. Before we calculate the atomic mass, it should be clear that an isotope refers to an element with an equal number of protons but a different number of neutrons. The atomic mass of an element is the sum of the mass of its protons and neutrons. When referring to a periodic table, we find that carbon is element 6. The element number is equivalent to the number of protons in the atom's nucleus. The sum of 6 protons and 8 neutrons is 14, which means the atomic mass of this carbon isotope is 14 amu.
What is the best way to approach learning the four Piaget stages?
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development suggested that children advance through four stages of mental development. These stages are Sensorimotor, Pre-operational, Concrete operational, and Formal operational. To begin familiarizing yourself with the stages, I recommend the mnemonic device 'some people can fly!'. This mnemonic device can aid in the memorization of the names and order of the stages. Piaget's first stage, sensorimotor, occurs between birth and the age of 2 During this stage, the infants train of thought is based only on sensory input and motor actions. Infants are capable of coordinating schemes to solve simple problems but are limited when it comes to object permanence, The pre-operational stage begins at age 2 and continue until age 7. There are gains in per operational thought, such as mental representations and intuitive thought. The infant is subject to egocentrism, and is therefore incapable of taking another person's perspective. Between ages 7 and 11 occurs the concrete operational stage. This is when the child is able to perform logical reasoning about concrete events. The last Piaget stage, formal operational, begins at age 11 and continues until adulthood. The adolescent is now able to exhibit abstract thought, demonstrate transitivity, and focus on multiple dimensions.