Tutor profile: Camille L.
Subject: SAT II Spanish
1. Recientemente, un arqueólogo ha ------- nuevas ruinas mayas en Guatemala. 2. Pocos saben que Colombia ------- el primer país que desarrolló la aviación comercial.
1. (A) hecho (B) construido (C) desterrado (D) descubierto --> D is the correct answer. This question is based a lot on contextual analysis. We have the word "ruins" and "arqueólogo." By the context of the sentence, one could ask "what does an "arqueólogo" do? He discovers things. 2. (A) fue (B) era (C) será (D) sea --> A is the correct answer. The word that goes in the blank is a form of ser. It describes a past event, as indicated by desarrolló, and one that is characterized as a single, prominent instance by primer, so the preterit form (A) fue is appropriate.
How do I know when words have accents?
In Spanish, there are three basic types of words: "agudas," "graves," and "esdrújulas." A word classified as aguda is one where the natural accent or "acento de intensidad" of a word ends on the last syllable. If the word is "aguda" it will have an accent if it ends in an "n," "s," or a vowel. ex. camión A word classified as "grave" is one where the natural accent or "acento de intensidad" of a word ends on a penultimate syllable. If the word is "grave" it will have an accent when it does NOT end in an "n," "s," or a vowel. ex. ángel A word classified as "esdrújula" is one where the natural accent or "acento de intensidad" of a word ends on a antepenultimate syllable. ex. the word "esdrújula" itself is a great of example of these types of accents.
I grew up with buckets, shovels, and nets [waiting by the back door] (1); hip-waders hanging in the closet; tide table charts covering the refrigerator door; and a microscope [was sitting] (2) on the kitchen table.
1. A. NO CHANGE B. waiting, by the back door, C. waiting by the back door, D. waiting by the back door --> The correct answer is A. the punctuation used in the sentence is correct. The phrase "waiting by the back door" describes the noun nets and is essential because it tells which nets the narrator "grew up with." Therefore, no comma should be placed afternets. The semicolon after the word door is appropriate because semicolons are used between items in a series when one or more of these items include commas. 2. A. NO CHANGE B. would sit C. sitting D. sat -->The verb form sitting is best here because it creates a parallel structure for all three items in the series: "nets waiting," "hip-waders hanging," "a microscope sitting."
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