Which of the following is NOT a rule for using a semicolon? A. Use a semicolon in place of a period to separate two sentences where the conjunction has been left out. B. Use the semicolon to separate units of a series when one or more of the units contain commas. C. Use a semicolon at the end of a complete sentence that is a statement. D. Use the semicolon between two sentences joined by a coordinating conjunction when one or more commas appear in the first sentence.
C. Use a semicolon at the end of a complete sentence that is a statement.
Read the following excerpt from "The Scarlet Ibis" by: James Hurst: "For a long time, it seemed forever, I lay there crying, sheltering my fallen scarlet ibis from the heresy of rain. " What type of figurative language is being utilized in the excerpt? Explain the figurative language being used and how it enhances the story.
The type of figurative language used in the excerpt is a metaphor. The author is comparing the scarlet ibis to Doodle. It enhances the story because the scarlet ibis was a beautiful creature, in a place where it didn't quite fit into it's environment, and it died before it's time. Being the last sentence of the story, the reader is left with that lasting impression that Doodle was also someone who was beautiful, didn't quite fit in with his environment, and died before his time. By making this comparison, the author not only connects the reader to the death of one innocent creature, but two.
What are pathos, ethos, and logos? Explain the meaning of each and provide an example.
Pathos, Ethos, and Logos are all types of appeals used in persuasion. Pathos is an appeal to emotions. For example, in an ad for an animal shelter, they will show the viewer pictures of puppies and kittens in cages. This appeals to one's emotions and encourages the viewer to donate to help. Ethos is an ethical appeal. When utilizing this type of persuasive appeal, one would use a person of authority or facts to establish credibility, and ultimately successfully persuade an audience. For example, if a toothpaste ad provides a testimonial from a dentist, they are using the ethical appeal to encourage the viewer to purchase their toothpaste. Logos is a logical appeal. When a logos appeal is used in persuasion, the persuader will use logical methods to convince the audience of their point of view. For example, when someone sees an ad for "Buy 1 Get 2 Free", this appeals to the logical side of our thinking. The viewer will be more inclined to take up the offer because it seems only logical to take advantage of such a great offer.