Tutor profile: Jhan W.
What are the different Spanish equivalents for the English verb "to become" and what are their uses?
Convertirse en/transformarse en, Hacerse/Llegar a ser, Ponerse, and Volverse. Convertirse en/transformarse en (+ followed by a noun): This use of "to become" indicates a very dramatic change or a physical change and is followed by a noun. Often refers to a change to a thing instead of to a person. Example: El agua puede tranformarse en hielo (Water can be turned into ice). La fiesta se convirtió en un desastre (The party became a disaster). Hacerse/Llegar a ser (+ an adjective or + a noun): This use of "to become" is used for changes that happen due to personal effort and is followed by a noun or adjective. Example: Ella estudió por muchos años y se hizo maestra (She studied for many years and became a teacher). Llegó a ser muy popular en los EEUU durante la última década. (He became very popular in the US during the last decade. Ponerse: (+ an adjective): This use of "to become" is followed by an adjective and indicates a temporary change, such as an emotional or physical reaction. Example: Me puse enfermo en Nueva York (I got sick in New York). Volverse (+ an adjective): This use of "to become" is followed by an adjective and indicates a sudden or dramatic change that is considered more permanent compared to situations that use ponerse. Example: Juan se volvió totalmente loco (John went totally crazy).
Subject: International Relations
What are the three most prominent theories in International Relations and what are their main tenets?
Realism, Liberalism, and Constructivism. Realism has a straightforward approach to international relations and at its core, believes that every nation works to increase its own power and those that manage to obtain and keep power will thrive as they will be able to outdistance weaker/less powerful nations. For realists, gaining power is vital, not only politically, but also economically, and socially in order to maintain self-preservation as one of their key goals. Liberalism is based on the belief that the current global system is potentially capable of producing a peaceful world order. Liberalism emphasizes international cooperation as a tool to further each nation's individual interests rather than relying on direct forces such as the military, as they believe that such forces have negative consequences that are far greater than any potential benefits. Constructivism is founded on the idea that rather than pursuing material interests directly, it is the systems of a country - social, cultural, and historical - that are useful in explaining its foreign policy efforts. Constructivists also believe that international institutions and other non-state actors, rather than merely states themselves, are valuable in influencing behavior through acts of persuasion.
What is the difference between elastic and inelastic demand?
Elastic demand refers to a change in demand by clients when the price of a service or good changes, whereas if the demand for a good or service is static even with a price change, the demand for that good is considered to be inelastic. Products such as gas are considered to be elastic, while inelastic goods include items such as food.