How does Sociology differ from Psychology?
Even though both are often considered social sciences, psychology is the study of the brain and its effects on an individual. Sociology on the other hand is the student of society and the way people interact with one another. Sociology can be taken on a macro level and address the societal ways of the entire world, or can look at specific populations of people, such as African Americans who are in prison. Sociologist look for patterns and theories within society and then apply these ideas to how people behavior and interact with one another.
When discussing the trans* experience, what are some of the ways that gender roles are replicated?
When discussing the trans* experience and those who try to achieve/have achieved a passing gender represenation, often the conversation will turn to how certain trans* experiences can replicate and reinforce gender roles. Some examples of the reinforcement of gender roles are transwomen who identify as feminine and represent themselves in a feminine fashion. This reinforces the idea that women are feminine and soft and should act a certain kind of way. In trying to "pass" as a woman a transwoman reinforces that femininity is something only women partake in.
There are various theories on how individuals communicate with one another. Please provide a definition of one of the theories of communication.
One theory that can be found in communication is the cognitive dissonance theory. People create and crave consistency in their interactions/beliefs with other individuals. When an interaction does not go as planned, due to the other party's behavior or attitude, it creates a disconnect or a dissonance within the original party. The original party will then try to remove the dissonance so they can create order/familiarity once again.