"The onslaught of the torrential downpour lead to the dissipation of the few remaining onlookers in the already emptying arena." What is the meaning of the term "dissipation" in this sentence?
To dissipate means to scatter or spread out in different directions. If the onlookers are leaving the stadium and heading off to their cars or houses in all random directions from the arena, then they can be said to be dissipating.
In writing, which point of view offers the most intimate connection between the reader and the author?
First person stream of consciousness (limited omniscience is a given in this case). This point of view is difficult to write in since it takes a lot of foresight to see where the story and character's thoughts are both going, but can create the effect of increased character depth and familiarity with said character.
Alex was verbally given a list of ice cream flavors to memorize in order (vanilla, pistachio, chocolate, strawberry, cookies and creme, cookie dough), but he only remembers the first couple, vanilla and pistachio, and the last item, cookie dough, in the list. Which effects can explain this?
Alex here is experiencing the primacy effect and the recency effect. We can tell the primacy effect is at play because the first terms are more easily stored in long term memory since nothing else has been introduced yet to muddle those memories. So, vanilla and pistachio were encoded before easier since no other flavors had been introduced yet. The recency effect can be shown by his only remembering "cookie dough" since it was coded more recently (recency, recently, you get it). Depending on how soon after the list was said and he repeated these items back, Alex's echoic memory may also be at play here for cookie dough since the mind can remember a couple items for a few seconds in short term memory via this system.