Tutor profile: Ashanti C.
What are some important aspects of a convincing argumentative paper?
A convincing argumentative paper must have a well developed and concise thesis. This thesis must have your argument (which is taking one side) in ideally one sentence. The thesis must be present in the rest of your paper; everything should tie back to it which is why it is important after each piece of evidence to reiterate the thesis and explain how that specific piece of evidence relates to it. A convincing argumentative paper must also have structured evidence in paragraphs. Evidence includes primary and secondary sources, quotations from literature, citations from research, and information from textbooks, depending on the type of argument you are trying to make. The evidence, as stated previously, must strengthen your thesis. Lastly, a convincing argumentative paper must have a conclusion that wraps the paper up and sums up your argument in a reflective manner.
What is positive reinforcement and how can it be applied in daily life?
Positive reinforcement is a type of operant conditioning where a reinforcing stimulus (some kind of 'reward') is given after a desired behavior in order to increase the likelihood of that behavior occurring again. In daily life, we can see positive reinforcement being used in the classroom. A teacher may reward her students with a sticker for every book they read in order to increase the likelihood of them reading more books. A teacher may also reward her students with longer recess for good behavior to increase the likelihood of good behavior in the classroom. Positive reinforcement can also be used on yourself. You can reward yourself with candy after every chapter in your textbook you read to increase the likelihood of you continuing to read the chapters.
What is the most important aspect of reading to emphasize to beginning students and why?
Reading instruction typically focuses on micro-cues and the decoding aspect, that is, phonological awareness and overall the emphasis on letter-sound relationships and teaching strategies to help the student "stretch out" or "sound out" or "divide up" whole words into smaller parts. When educators concentrate too much on the decoding process and automatic word recognition from using sight words and high frequency words, the overall message about the importance of reading is lost. And the importance of reading is that we gather meaning from words. We read to learn and to comprehend, so instructors should not only be code-oriented, but also meaning-oriented so that students continue to enjoy reading and remember the bigger picture of why they want to read in the first place. It improves motivation.
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