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Tutor profile: Frederick P.

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Frederick P.
Tutor and scholar with many years of experience in writing and editing
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Questions

Subject: Health and Medicine

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Question:

What is the most basic components of a healthcare system and what has been a major factor leading to the evolution of that system over time?

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Frederick P.
Answer:

The most basic tenets of a healthcare system has been the relationship between provider and patient. Since before Antiquity, the nature of healthcare has been for a provider, in whatever capacity, to provide a health service to a patient by exchanging medicine for currency or goods. However, as new technologies and medicines evolve, and as countries, regions and states mature into nations, then we see the introduction of a new player in the healthcare relationship: risk. Risk can be defined in many ways, but within the realm of healthcare management, it would be considered the possibility of financial loss. As populations grow, the likelihood of not receiving a fair trade in a health transaction, especially as populations live longer and the chance of requiring expensive care increases, healthcare providers needed ways to mitigate that risk while not endangering their patients or their livelihoods. This was compounded by the development of new innovative technologies that, while being tremendously beneficial to patients, often leads to heavier price tags and therefore more risk due to non-recuperated costs. This therefore led to the introduction of intermediaries into the healthcare formula. These intermediaries took the form of different entities such as insurance providers and government. It was quickly realized that if you could pool all of the risk of a large population together, then although there would be some individuals that would be more sick than others, as a whole, the total amount of costs would be decreased to the entire population by sharing that risk equally amongst themselves. Over time, these systems have evolved into different forms, ranging from privatized systems, socialized systems, universal healthcare plans or a combination of the above. While the tradeoffs of each system continues to be discussed, the reality is that the introduction of risk over time led to the evolution of the healthcare system into the matrix that it is today.

Subject: Writing

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Question:

What are the main components of an argumentative essay?

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Frederick P.
Answer:

The main components of an argumentative essay can be broken down into six simple parts. The first component is the introduction. During this section, the writer wants to be sure to write a clearly detailed thesis which states their position that they will be defending throughout the body of their essay. The introduction can include other components such as a brief introduction to the three to five claims that will be defended throughout the essay. The second component are the claims. The claims are the primary points being made regarding your position. These claims are what you will be defending throughout the writing. For example, if my thesis is that vegetable oil is better than peanut oil, then one of my claims would be that it is better because it is healthier due to less trans-fat content. This leads to the next component, which is the evidence. The evidence is the support for your claim that gives it a sense of authority. The evidence should come from well-supported, scholarly and preferably peer-reviewed sources to add the highest level of authority to your position. The next component is reason. In other words, what is the reason that you are making the specific claims being listed and what importance do they have? While this does not have to be a separate section per se and can simply be listed in support of your claims, it is important to emphasize them as they are indicators for the importance of your position. Why should anyone care for your thesis or your claims? What are the consequences of an alternative position? For example, an alternative to using an unhealthy oil source can lead to an increase in obesity and heart disease. The next component is that of the counterclaims, or those claims that stand contrary to your own position. While the evidence you utilize will stand in antagonism to the counterclaims, it is important to list what those counterclaims are so as to show a sense of openness and understanding of positions that are not consistent with your own. It is also gives room for you, the writer, to analyze alternative opinions and ideas that perhaps you had not considered when discussing your position. Finally, the last section is that of the conclusion. This is where you would restate your primary thesis, your reasons, your claims and any new perspective that may have been gathered by examining the counterclaim. However, this section should not be a simply rehashing of those points, but should be done in a seamless and creative way.

Subject: Film and Theater

TutorMe
Question:

The world of film and cinema has been marked by several major movements since its inception in the late 19th century. What are three of these movements, who led them and what were they defined by?

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Frederick P.
Answer:

The beauty of cinema is that every decade or age can be defined by several key innovators and moments, all of which help to define an era. While there have categorically been nearly 22 such movements, there are three that stand out most to me as being uniquely innovative. The first of which is the Italian Neorealism period marked between 1942-1951. The key leaders during this time were Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, Luchino Visconti and the eventual Federico Fellini. Defining the era during a post-World War II period, this movement was marked by the voice of the blue-collar worker. The use of available lighting, non-professional actors and bare-bones equipment enriched their stories with both pain and earnestness. The influencers of this period continues to impact contemporary filmmakers to this day. The second most influential period can be considered that of the French New Wave. Spanning from 1959-1964, this period is marked by a laissez-faire attitude towards the conventionality of traditional filmmaking. Spearheaded by such innovators like Jean-Luc Godard, Francois Truffaut and Alain Resnais, the French New Wave gave a new sense of cool and moxie to what it means to be a filmmaker, or auteur, a word that also became prominent during this time period. The third influential period, and perhaps one of the more mainstream, is that of the Movie Brats. Stemming from the 1960'S to the late 80's, this period is marked by the work of directors that have invariably become household names and remain so to this day. From Spielberg to Scorsese, dePalma to Coppola, each of these filmmaker's work hinged heavily on the work of predecessors like Kurosawa or John Ford. After the demise of the studio system, these filmmakers were brought to the forefront through hard work, a deep love and understanding of cinema and the power of endless dedication. Several decades later, their names have become synonymous with the moving image, and rightfully so, as their work helped to breathe fresh life into a potentially dying industry during the Golden Age of Television.

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