Tutor profile: Lizzy J.
When can I use a semicolon in a sentence?
Semicolons can be used to connect two independent clauses that are close in thought, and indicates an ambiguous relationship that leaves it to the reader to determine how the two sentences are related. For example, "Perhaps your smile is the storm, the power of thunder, the crackle of lightning; perhaps your laugh is the sound of a downpour on a tin roof." Semicolons are also used in lists to break up internal punctuation. For example, "I have lived in Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Boston, Massachusetts." If the sentence only used commas, it would be harder to decipher the respective locations.
Write a thesis statement that addresses the question of Flaubert’s style and consider the following statement by Flaubert on the subject of Madame Bovary: "The entire value of my book, if it has any, will consist of my having known how to walk straight ahead on a hair, balanced above the two abysses of lyricism and vulgarity (which I seek to fuse in analytical narrative)..." (Letter of March 20-21, 1852).
In Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert’s style presents an unclear balance between lyricism and vulgarity. Lyricism is characterized by the depth of one’s imagination and creativity, and the beautiful, romanticized expressions of emotion derived from such a mentality. Vulgarity is associated with the state of being improper, coarse, or ugly, but perceived in a more neutral sense, honest. The protagonist Emma Bovary personifies the aforementioned lyrical elements and more, which reflect characteristics of the Romantic era. Flaubert, however, contrasts Emma from the harsh realities of life by incorporating vulgar elements and literary realism. Realism as a literary technique seeks to describe scenes as they are in an objective, stripped-down, truthful manner, without decorative and sugarcoated language. While Madame Bovary contains romantic qualities, Emma’s demise in both her physical death and aspirations ultimately contribute towards portraying the novel as anti-romantic. Thus, Gustave Flaubert includes stylistic and content-related elements―free indirect discourse, metaphors that are grounded in reality, the characterization of Emma, and realistic descriptions of ordinary, commonplace events―in order to portray Madame Bovary as a realist novel.
1. ) Demonstrate close reading of Elyn Saks' The Center Cannot Hold by explicitly referencing concepts, ideas, and/or theories in the context of a relevant and meaningful question. 2. ) Also demonstrate critical thinking about the text - engaging with the ideas in the reading to show thoughtful analysis. For example, you might link ideas in new ways, suggest alternative interpretations or explanations, draw on related literature, or question the researchers’ assumptions.
In the first third of The Center Cannot Hold, Elyn Saks delves into her first-hand account of challenges—delusions, paranoia, psychotic breaks, and hospitalization—she faced living with schizophrenia during the earlier years of her life and academic career. On page 35, she describes her experience with schizophrenia as "a slow fog, [rolling in, that becomes] imperceptibly thicker as time goes on," especially with each additional transition that took place in her life. What stood out to me was her ongoing relationship with medication. She struggled taking prescriptions consistently due to the underlying mindset that if she tried harder, she would be able to conquer her condition. Saks associated her need for medication with weakness and failure; and this is important to note, given we live in a culture that praises perseverance and success, that such ideologies places severe pressure on individuals, resulting in internal dilemmas and shame once failure is perceived (especially in the cases of ongoing mental illness). This message that Saks portrays in her memoir is important to grasp, since failure is not only inevitable, but is also a normal part of life. In terms of schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, it's more about learning from "failures" and putting that knowledge towards learning how to manage one's condition, and isn't so much about fighting and conquering it. That said, the DSM-5 requires "signs of the disorder must last for a continuous period of at least 6 months" in order to diagnose schizophrenia, but considering how debilitating and detrimental the overall experience and symptoms are, could that be too long of a wait to receive treatment?
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