What is the difference between "americana" and "americano"?
The difference between these two terms is one denotes the speaker is a woman and the other a man. In Portuguese, words are often spelled and pronounced differently depending on the sex of the speaker or who they may be speaking about. For example, because I am a woman, if I would like to express thanks I say "obrigada" rather than "obrigado". Generally the difference between men and women in regards to whether a word in masculine or feminine is the use of "a" for women and "o" for men.
What is the best format for a scholarly research paper?
When writing a scholarly research paper, there is generally a format writers follow that is both common and easy to follow. The essay should first begin with a brief outline of the paper. This will include both the purpose of the paper and how it will read as the reader continues to go through the paper. Following this is generally an introduction to the research and the methods that were employed to answer a question and hypothesis. The hypothesis should be stated clearly in the introduction as a thesis to give the reader an idea of exactly what question is trying to be answered through the research. Following this can be the steps of research--the method employed, gathering data, and results. These steps are easy to follow when separated by headings. Finally, a concluding paragraph synthesizes the results of the data and how they differ or compare to the hypothesis made in the introduction, as well as if they answer the question the researcher had introduced.
What are the three major fields of theory pertaining to the study of international relations?
Realism, Liberalism and Constructivism. Realism is the theory in which all states are international actors in which each tries to increase their power through coercion or use of force with the goal being to maximize security. This theory was the first in explaining the state system and how international actors function to form the state system. Liberalism emerged as a theory in which states, nongovernmental actors and international organizations work together to maximize cooperation and reduce conflict among one another in international relations. States interact through economic, financial and cultural means. Constructivism is the theory that the main components of international relations are socially constructed and change depending on the time and actors involved. Constructivism argues that ideas actually shape international relations rather than materiality.