Explain Friedrich Nietzsche's distaste for well known and seminal philosopher, Socrates.
Nietzsche composed a very different philosophical outlook than that of Socrates. In Nietzsche's worldview, the center of philosophy was not questioning, as Socrates suggested in Plato's Republic. Instead, the purpose of philosophy was to contribute to the will of the individual. In fact, the core of Nietzchean philosophy was the will. Nietzsche sought for the will to utilized in order to propel one to strength and dominance over others. In this line of thought, Nietzsche emphasized what some would call the "manly" virtues such as will, courage, and strength. These were not the virtues emphasized by Socrates. Instead, the Greek thinker suggested that virtue was found in the dialectic, or questioning. Nietzsche found this petty at best and believed it distracted man from real strength, displacing him from the "real" world.
What are some factors that slow the policy creation process?
There are a number of factors that can slow down the development of public policy. One such factor would be the timeliness of deliberation, and the number of individuals involved in that process. Often, there are a number of individuals involved in the process, each with separate opinions on the matter. For example, in the U.S. House of Representatives, there are 435 members, each of which may contribute to the deliberation process. In addition, often the designed process for policy creation is itself slow. In the U.S. system, for example, in order to create an agency rule, the agency must first draft the rule, then, per the U.S. Code, submit that rule to public comment. Afterwards, adjustments are made, and then the final rule is approved. This entire process can take up to five years.
How did the philosophy of John Locke influence the American founding as well as seminal documents in this era?
John Locke was a pivotal thinker, who highly influenced philosophical thought prior to and during the American Revolution. Locke, in his Second Treatise, explained that in his natural state man was perfectly free, and that the purpose of government was to protect these natural freedoms, specifically life, liberty, and property. These philosophical tenets greatly influenced American leaders, such as Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence, prompting him to add protections for "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness."