How can I make writing a research paper a manageable process?
I could go on about this for days, but to sum up some information: the first thing is to understand the style you are writing in. If its editorial you cannot refer to yourself or say "you" in your paper. If it's opinionated you are encouraged to reference yourself. Knowing the kind of citing you are doing is huge as well. If you are citing a paper in APA format its important to have an understanding of it before you worry about trying to figure out how to write a paper AND cite all this information correctly. What I have done in the past is made flashcards with examples on them of book citations, movie citations, in-text citations, etc. The next thing I do is decide if I am going to base my paper around quotes, or, base quotes around my paper. I usually find the latter to be easier. When people write, they get so overwhelmed trying to figure out how and where to cite information. Get your information onto paper and then put placements where you know you will need to put a citation or a quote. Do not stop writing to think of the perfect quote because your paper will change as you write and the quote might not make sense with the rest of the information in the paper. If you are basing your paper around quotes, get your quotes out and cited and then write around them. You know what you want to say, then elaborate based on your experience or what you have studied. Taking the time to slow down and not feel overwhelmed is very important when writing research papers.
I feel like I can't get my notes organized because the teacher moves too fast in class. How can I engage with the discussion while still taking comprehensive notes?
The best way is to understand how we learn individually. Some students work really well with flashcards while others remember lectures and can go over it in their mind. For instance, if you are an audio-visual learner, like me, I have found that recording teachings and then writing notes later helps. This makes it so you can fully engage in the discussion in class without have to worry about if you're getting all the information. When you make notes later, you can easily recall examples from the teacher. It also provides information on gaps that were not covered in class. If you know you did not cover it you know what subjects to ask your teacher about before the test. Creating custom study guides are a huge help as well. For me, I have found that making games like "Wheel of Fortune" or "Jeopardy" helps a lot. Being engaged with the material and knowing your own learning style is the most important piece of advice I can give. Making sure you are enjoying the learning process is the first step to developing better study habits.
Psychology involves many theories and experiments on subjects of the human mind. How would you describe the difference between an empirically supported theory and a theory based on experimentation?
Theories based on empirical evidence are ones that have been proven to be scientifically supported. These are not hypothesis or theories about a cause and effect situation that come out of casual conversation. Empirical theories are hypothesis that have been tested and proven to be true more than once and then documented. Theories based on experimentation could also be considered hypothesis. These are theories that come from an idea but have not been reliably proven many times by experiments. These theories could be considered the "what if" theories of experiments.