Tutor profile: Anne T.
How can I remember which verbs are conjugated in past tense (passé composé) with être instead of avoir?
Irregular verbs in French passé composé can be tricky! Try to remember that they usually have to do with some kind of motion or transformation. The mnemonic device DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMP can help you remember. Don't forget to add an E, an S, or both as appropriate once you've conjugated to describe your subject. D: Devenir (to become), devenu(e)(s) R: Revenir (to come back), revenu(e)(s) M: Monter (to ascend), monté(e)(s) R: Rentrer (to re-enter-- usually to go home), rentré(e)(s) S: Sortir (to go out), sorti(e)(s) V: Venir (to come), venu(e)(s) A: Arriver (to arrive), arrivé(e)(s) N: Naître (to be born), né(e)(s) D: Descendre (to descend), descendu(e)(s) E: Entrer (to enter), entré(e)(s) R: Retourner (to return), retourné(e)(s) T: Tomber (to fall), tombé(e)(s) R: Rester (to remain), resté(e)(s) A: Aller (to go), allé(e)(s) M: Mourir (to die), mort(e)(s) P: Partir (to go/depart), parti(e)(s)
Subject: Library and Information Science
How can I determine if an article I'm reading is trustworthy?
One easy way to help determine if something is accurate is by giving it the CRAAP Test. CRAAP is an acronym for: Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose. Currency (When): This is the When. Is the source recent, or is it several years old? Has the information been revised? Depending on what your research needs are, an older source may still be pertinent. Relevance (What): Does the information provided answer your question? Who is the intended audience? Is it too simplified or too full of industry jargon? Authority (Who): Who wrote it, and who published it? Are they an established author with credentials, or is it someone without a professional affiliation? Is the author qualified? Is there any contact information? Accuracy (Where): Is the information supported by evidence? Where did it come from? Has it been peer-reviewed? Is it an opinion-piece? Is the tone unbiased? Purpose (Why): Why was this created? Is it to inform, teach, sell, or persuade? Are there any personal, political, or religious biases? Once you have answered these questions, you can determine if something is trustworthy.
Subject: Art History
What is Impressionism and who invented it?
"Impressionism" is used to describe a movement of artists in 19th-century France who were excluded from the major exhibition venues of the time, and decided to band together to organize their own, independent means of exhibiting their work. There were eight Impressionist exhibitions held from 1874-1886. The artists involved in these exhibitions included: Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cezanne, Berthe Morisot, Gustave Caillebotte, Mary Cassatt, Paul Gauguin, Edouard Manet, and Marie Bracquemonde, among others. Impressionism would to define the modern, industrializing world and became one of the most famous, revolutionary, and sought-after styles of art throughout the late-19th and early-20th centuries. The term "Impressionism" was coined by an art critic, Louis Leroy, who attended the first Impressionist exhibition upon seeing Monet's painting, "Impression, Sunrise," and applied this title to the group as a whole. Impressionism can be defined in three different ways. 1. Physically, Impressionist painting and drawing is often characterized by strokes of different colors of paint juxtaposed to form a whole rather than large, fully pigmented fields of uniform colors. 2. Thematically, Impressionist art showcased scenes of everyday, modern life--such as Caillebotte's "Paris Street, Rainy Day"-- that until this point was not considered appropriate subject matter by the art academy for serious works of art. 3. Impressionism can also refer to the method of creating the artwork by painting, sketching, or sculpting quickly, often outdoors, to capture the fleeting nature of a given moment. Artists who worked in any combination of these three modes exhibited in the 8 Impressionist exhibitions, thus lending a uniform name to a surprisingly varied field of work.
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