What are the types of diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes- 1. Diabetes Insipidus 2. Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus is further categorized into 3 types- 1. Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile onset diabetes) 2. Type 2 diabetes (mostly seen in Adults) 3. Gestational diabetes (pregnancy diabetes)
What are the different types of glands in human body?
There are mainly 2 types of glands- 1. Endocrine Glands- Releases hormones directly into the circulation (blood stream) & lacks a duct system. Examples of such glands are- hypothalamus. pituitary gland. thyroid. parathyroids. adrenal glands. pineal body. ovaries & testes 2. Exocrine Glands- Releases hormones into outer surface of the body through a duct system. Examples- (sweat, sebaceous, mammary, tear, intestinal, salivary, etc) glands.
Xerostomia can be 1. found in the elderly. 2. drug induced. 3. associated with diabetes. 4. predisposing to dental diseases. A. (1) (2) (3) B. (1) and (3) C. (2) and (4) D. (4) only E. All of the above.
Ans- E Explanation- 1. There is a decrease in salivary flow as a person ages, due to this most of the geriatric patients suffer from dry mouth or Xerostomia. 2. Drugs like Anti-hypertensives, Anti-depressants, Anti-psychotics,etc causes dry mouth (i.e. decreases salivary flow) & leads to xerostomia. 3. Its a well known fact that diabetics are generally more prone to dry mouth & suffer from xerostomia. 4. Xerostomia also leads to dental diseases like dental caries & halitosis.