In 2005, the United Nations set forth the principle of the “Responsibility to Protect.” Over the past 5 years there have been calls for the “international community” to intervene in Syria to keep the Assad regime from using the systematic repression against its own citizens. Explain why you would support or oppose military actions by outside powers in Syria.
The study of international politics is comprised of how states interact with one another. These interactions, throughout our global history, have been marked by dark stains of humanitarian crisis and violations of individual freedom. As democratic rule has expanded and civilization have evolved into a standard code of laws to uphold human dignity, the question must be asked what is to be done when human rights are violated? Currently, the case of Syria and the victims of Assad is a pressing issue in international politics. The Assad regime uses systematic repression against its own citizens and their reach extends far beyond the borders of Syria. As an effect of the United States and other global powers sitting back and allowing the Assad regime to gain followers and political influence, we have seen the expansion of jihadi terror on a global scale. I believe that the United States must respond to the horrors of the Assad regime with military force to prevent the expansion of Islamic radicals. The international theory of realism most closely aligns with my viewpoint given that the issue in Syria is not only an issue of domestic ethics violations, but an issue of self-interest for the United States as we seek to preserve our western culture.
Since the end of World War II, the effort to overcome poverty and promote development has been on the most prominent global policy areas. There have also been extensive debates about the sources of these problems and what should be done to address them. One of the biggest sources of disagreement between the liberal perspective on economic globalization and critics of that perspective regards whether liberal policies offer the best path to development for “third world” countries. Evaluate the view of liberals and their critics on this issue and explain your own view.
The global “War on Poverty” has been a project of international governments since the second World War. Since that time the international community has made an effort to close the gap between the rich and the poor, but have these policies been successful? The liberal solution to the problem of global poverty is through the expansion of free trade and the interconnection of the United State’s domestic economic model. Though poverty still exists, historically we have seen an increase in the overall standard of living across the globe. However, what solutions must the world pursue to address the large portions of the globe still living below the poverty line? Liberal theorists will argue that the best path to development for third world countries is the expansion of free markets and global trade. On the other hand, Marxist theorist’s will warn of the social ramifications of the free markets and advocate for a system in which workers maintain the power of the market system. Additionally, realists will stand firm in the belief of individual sovereignty and that there are cases in which free trade should not be pursued. It is my belief that poverty is the natural state and that in order to alleviate poverty we must inquire into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. I believe the benefits of the free markets and globalization outweigh any harm it incurs. In order to develop countries in the third world, the West needs to allow developing nations access to the international market system and reform the broken model of foreign aide.
States of the “developing” or “third” world have encountered many challenges trying to successfully promote economic development and catch up with the advanced capitalist nations of Europe and North America. Drawing on our study of India, China Brazil and Nigeria, explain why this has been the case and compare the experience of two of these countries.
When measuring economic performance there are two specific countries that stand above the rest. The economic development and overall quality of life in Europe and North America is something that all other nations strive to attain. Both Europe and North America have a capitalist economic platform and have been able to demonstrate that strong fiscal and trade policies in conjunction with limited corruption are key to developing a sustainable nation. The world is comprised of a multitude of other independent countries who have not yet been able to achieve this same level of economic success. When analyzing the development of two “third world” countries, Brazil and Nigeria, it can be understood that government overreach and corruption is what has hindered their overall development. When examining these countries through a finer lens there are specific policies that have molded their paths leading Brazil to experience booming economic growth yet severe poverty and Nigeria to have an extremely large oil exportation industry yet crippling infrastructure.