Tutor profile: Laura R.
what is the function of pronouns in Spanish?
Pronouns are words that are used to point to or refer to other terms that have already been named in the sentence or already understood by the speaker or listener.
Subject: European History
What are some historical transformations introduced by the First World War?
The historical significance of the First World War is multiple and diverse. Its effects can be traced with respect to various topics: technical and technological changes, its change in international relations, its economic consequences, etc. However, here we focus solely on three specific effects: 1. First of all, This war forever transforms European cultural identity and deconstructs its idea of progress. Europe at the beginning of the 20th century believed in the dream of the enlightenment and in the possibility of achieving a utopian society. This argument can be confirmed by a text such as "The world of yesterday" by Stefan Zweig, where the Austrian author recounts the abrupt transition between the ideals of the 19th century (the honor of peoples, European unity, peacebuilding), and the ideals espoused by the First World War (destruction, enmity, total violence). Progress as the only historical horizon is questioned and destroyed by the ravages of a cruel and irrational war. To view zweig's book: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.176552/page/n9/mode/2up 2.Second, the technological progress of the First World War implies the formation of a new model of warfare. The introduction of toxic gases, the deployment of airplanes in battles, and the variety of long-range weapons; All these variations produce a greater human capacity for destruction and annihilation of the enemy. Thus, the First World War is important for its consequences on civil life, for its violence against peasants, workers, women; since the medieval difference between bellatores and laboratores (that is, between combatants and workers), ceases to operate in this new technical landscape. All subjects, in one way or another, are at risk of death. --- Completely different situation from the wars of the XIX century that, despite their cruelty, did not have gases, planes or bombs like those of the First World War.---- 3.Finally, the First World War transforms the European geopolitical map and ends with some of the most important empires in Europe; for example the Second German Reich, the Ottoman Empire, or the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Thus, the models of government originating in classical Europe of the 19th century - as, in this case, the empire - are replaced by democratic republics or by parliamentary monarchies (where the people have the right to vote and choose their leaders ). It is a collective turn towards a modern political organization.
Subject: Art History
What historical significance does Giorgio Vasari's work have with respect to the history of art?
The work of Giorgio Vasari, specifically "The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects" (1550) is considered as the work that gives birth to the history of art -as a discipline- (Didi-Huberman 1990). Therefore, Vasari configures a method and conceptual basis to approach art and artists. For example, Vasari implements the artist's biography as an interpretive tool of the artist's work (1) this last method of historical approach survives to this day, in works such as "The Story of Art" by Ernst Gombrich. Second, Vasari creates a valuation of the works according to a technical parameter: their similarity to reality (2). Vasari's intellectual work differs from the Middle Ages by emphasizing the mastery of technical skills and not just mere symbolic significance. Lastly, Vasari is the forerunner of the museum as the central spatiality of art (3). This with the construction and design of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. The museum as a central spatiality of art continues to be important even today. These are some of the central contributions of Vasari's work to the history of art.
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