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Tutor profile: Maria H.

Maria H.
Reference Librarian

Questions

Subject: Library and Information Science

TutorMe
Question:

Consider the Double Fold argument and the viewpoints on reformatting verus originals espoused by Baker and Cox. Which side do you fall on in the debate? Does our ability to capture better images digitally than we could for microfilm alter your opinion?

Maria H.
Answer:

I fall more on the Cox side of the debate for several reasons. One reason is that I think Baker is generalizing and grouping all librarians and archivists under one group of people who all want to throw away newspapers and original materials because they are too brittle, they are taking up space, and there are microfilm or digital copies so the originals are not needed anymore. I think that this generalization and grouping of librarians and archivists is wrong because there are many different opinions on the method for saving original materials and reformatting among librarians and archivists. Also, I agree with Cox that Baker is confused about the role of libraries and archives. Cox explains how Baker is focusing on libraries’ archival role, how that role is not feasible for most libraries, and that most libraries have many different and competing functions in their communities (Cox). Also, Baker’s idea of libraries being warehouses or storage facilities that are only open to researchers and hold onto every historical item is simply not attainable nor practical. Libraries and archives have limited resources (labor, financial, and materials) that keep getting cut, which makes it difficult for them to carry out their mission statement and goals let alone the type of preservation Baker is talking about. Also, preserving everything is simply not practical on many levels, from a financial burden to the type of facility to amount space to the fact that each item has specific preservation needs. Another reason I agree with Cox is that Baker does bring up concerns that we, information professionals, need to discuss among ourselves and the general public as well. One concern is that librarians and archivist need to be more upfront about the processes of preservation, selection, weeding, and reformatting that are occurring within libraries and archives and communicate better with the general public so they can understand what libraries and archives are actually doing and how they going about preserving historical materials. Our ability to capture better images digitally than we could for microfilm does not alter my opinion because digital images allow our patrons to easily access our collections. We should still have the original or a master copy that is not in digital format in case the digital copy is lost or corrupted. References Baker, N. (2001). Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper. Retrieved July 09, 2020, from https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/first/b/baker-fold.html Cox, R. J. (2001, April 18). Don't Fold Up: Responding to Nicholson Baker's Double Fold. Retrieved July 09, 2020, from https://www2.archivists.org/news/2001/dont-fold-up- responding-to-nicholson-bakers-double-fold-by-richard-j-cox

Subject: US History

TutorMe
Question:

What is the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case in 1954 known for?

Maria H.
Answer:

The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case is known for declaring any state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional.

Subject: European History

TutorMe
Question:

During the Medieval Period and the Renaissance, guilds were an important part of the economy and culture in Europe. In Italy, what are the seven major guilds?

Maria H.
Answer:

The seven major guilds of Italy are the Judges and Notoraries guild, the Calimala Merchants guild, the Merchants of por Santa Maria guild, the Wool Merchants guild, the Physicians and Apthocaries guild, the Furriers guild, and the Bankers guild.

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