Tutor profile: Olivia G.
What is the difference between 'ser' and 'estar'?
'Ser' and 'estar' both mean 'to be' in Spanish. However, they are used differently. 'Ser' is used to describe what is essential to the thing you are talking about. For example, if I wanted to say 'the flowers are really pretty,' I would say 'los flores son muy bonitos,' because the trees being big is essential to my description of them. On the other hand, 'estar' is used to talk about how something is, which is more temporary. For example, if I wanted to say 'the flowers are here for her party,' I would say 'los flores están aquí para su fiesta,' to show that they are only there for a temporary reason. This is one of the many ways to show an example of 'ser' vs. 'estar,' but like everything in Spanish, it takes time and practice to learn and understand the distinction. I recommend reading in Spanish and listen to Spanish TV, music, or radio to have a better understanding of when each is used in practice.
What is the purpose of an introduction in an essay?
An introduction functions to welcome the reader into the world of your essay, no matter what the essay is about. At its most basic, an introduction tells the reader what the topic is, how they will explain it, and what the reader should take away from reading their work. In practice, this typically looks like an opening sentence (some call it a 'hook'), a brief outline of some of the main points of the essay, and then a thesis statement that tells the reader why they should be reading this essay and why the topic in it is important. The introduction is the reader's first foray into the writer's chosen topic, so it serves far more importance than just introducing the topic-- it introduces why the topic is important for the reader to read about.
Subject: International Studies
What is the Realism theory of International Relations?
Realism is one of the oldest theories of International Relations. It is an approach to the study and practice of international politics that states that every nation-state or state-like entity essentially looks out for itself on the global stage. It assumes that all nation-states are motivated by national interests, and that if they act on the global stage, they are doing so out of self-interest only. A common example used to describe realism is Machiavelli's well-known text "The Prince," which emphasizes that all actions of the state should benefit the state itself. Many would argue that realism has failed, as the global stage works best when nations find common ground for their actions, and find them mutually beneficial. Still, realism is extremely important in understanding how countries act on the world stage, especially throughout history.
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