Tutor profile: Jessica O.
What is the mistake in this sentence? Er arbeitet heute nicht, dann es ist Sonntag.
The mistake in the sentence is "dann," which should instead be "denn." The sentence translates to "He does not work today, then it is Sunday" which does not make sense. "Dann" means "then," such as "then we went to the movies," or "dann wir gingen ins Kino." "Denn" means "for" or "because," such as "Wir gingen ins Kino, denn wir lieben Filme." The sentence should say "He does not work today for it is Sunday," or "Er arbeitet heute nicht, denn es ist Sonntag."
When is it acceptable to use "I" and when is it acceptable to use "me" in sentences?
It is acceptable to use "I" when the first person singular is the subject of the sentence. For example, "I threw the ball." In this sentence, the first person singular (I) preformed the action (threw). It is acceptable to use "me" when the first person singular is the direct or indirect object of the sentence. For example, "She threw the ball to me." In this sentence, the first person singular (me) received the direct object (the ball) on which the subject (she) preformed an action (threw), making the "me" the indirect object. It is the same when the first person singular is the direct object. In the sentence "The heroes are John and I," a common mistake would be to replace the "I" with "me." However, this is incorrect because the subject of the sentence is "John and I." A good way to see this is to switch around the sentence. "John and I are the heroes" uses the exact same words and has the exact same meaning, and here we can see that "John and me are the heroes" is of course, incorrect.
What are the three modes of persuasion or ethical strategies used in arguments, originating from Aristotle, and what do they mean?
The three modes of persuasion Aristotle created are Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. Ethos is an argument relying on the credibility of the speaker, for example using credible resources or the speaker being known as an expert in their field. Pathos is an emotional argument, using vivid language and emotional stories to create a feeling that the audience is drawn into to make an argument. Logos is the logical argument, and it uses reason to persuade an audience.
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