Apply a theory based in sociology that explains the culture of crime in the United States. Determine how race, economics and class contribute to the understanding of the American Judicial System.
As a result of the institution of slavery and the policing of black bodies in the United States the American judicial system developed in such unequal ways that it penalizes African Americans. The twentieth century marked the beginning of a mass movement of African Americans migrating from the United States South. As a result of their arrival in urban America, blacks were confronted with a new climate to which they must adapt. Scholars began to evaluate the contribution of blacks to the city’s economic prowess and moral character. Social critics began the discourse of black progress and as a result of black migration from the American South started to broadly examine criminality. Out of the Southern denial of black humanity came the national belief that blacks were criminally minded and socially inept. Social statisticians, such as Hoffman, misused statistics to define blacks inability to comply with societal norms began describing black criminality numerically (Muhammad, 2011). The universality of statistics assisted in the development of the widespread misconception that African Americans hereditarily criminal people.
Identify a significant challenge facing a country immediately following independence from colonial rule. Give a specific example by stating the country and the obstacle.
When Zimbabwe gained its independence in 1980 it faced a turbulent transition toward self-government. The main challenge of this transition was the limitations of a one-party system. These limitations include corruption, rule by violence and disenfranchisement of citizens who do not align themselves with the singular party. While the one-party rule has proved to be a greater hurdle to overcome external forces such as the European Union and Foreign Corporations have also impeded the progression of self-government in Zimbabwe. Despite these limitations there have been evidence that Zimbabweans are fed up with the circumstances of a one-party, one-leader government. 2013 seems to be a pivotal year in Zimbabwe’s emergence as a truly and effectively democratic union.
Explain how the Civil War era contributed to the rise of big business in the second half of the 1800s.
The Civil War Era gave rise to big business through the dynamic change of the labor structure in the United States and the expansion of American entrepreneurism through the advancement of technology. Prior to the Civil War, slavery contributed majority of the country's GNP. As other countries began to end their investment in the Atlantic Slave Trade the United States was forced to develop other avenues of capitol gains, such as Maritime advancement and Steam Engine development. With these advancements came major infrastructure improvements and growing relationships between corporations and the federal government. These financial investments in developing corporations resulted in long-lasting ties and international trade opportunities.