Tutor profile: Monty S.
Subject: World History
What conditions in China under the Nationalist government allowed the Communists to win the support of the masses, and control of the nation?
The peasants in China, especially in the rural areas, had long suffered in poverty, but by the 20th century it had reached a critical state. Even the smallest amount of taxes could be crushing to Chinese peasants, but those taxes remained the primary way for the government to raise revenue. The inability to increase food production not only meant hunger and starvation for the masses, but a lack of funds to buy equipment to increase productivity. As had happened so many times in Chinese history, the masses at the bottom of the economic scale became the key to a regime change, this time ushering in the Communists under Mao.
Subject: US History
How did Eleanor Roosevelt attempt to approve conditions in society in her position as First Lady?
Eleanor Roosevelt was the first First Lady to take on such a public persona to attempt to influence policy and makes changes to society. She used the notoriety of her position to bring media attention to issues that she felt needed it. She worked with the CWA to make sure that it hired women as part of its' work projects, not just men. She continuously brought attention to the poor in America, even in the slums around her home in Washington, DC. She taught civics courses, gave speeches, and constantly prodded her husband to appoint more women to powerful positions in government. Eleanor Roosevelt was a trendsetter as a First Lady, often out in the forefront on issues, not simply providing quiet, private advice behind the scenes.
Subject: European History
Explain the historical circumstances that led John Locke and other political philosophers to develop political ideas such as those expressed in his Second Treatise of Government.
John Locke and other political philosophers of the Enlightenment were responding to multiple influences as they created their political philosophies. The abuses of the absolute monarchies in Europe caused many to question their long held beliefs on how nation-states should be run. The Scientific Revolution influenced these thinkers to apply natural law to politics, and look for solutions that relied on man and reason, instead of God and faith.
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