Tutor profile: Erika M.
What is the best way to study anatomy and physiology?
Anatomy and physiology are two of the most difficult topics in any exploration of the health sciences, but clearly, a fundamental understanding of both of these is a prerequisite for any person wanting to work with human patients. However, studying these by making note cards or lists and just memorizing may not be the best way to commit this information to memory. Studying the major human systems by focusing on specific disturbances, or problems that can be associated with those systems, can be an extremely effective way to learn not only the impacts of impairments on those systems, but also how they should properly function. To understand the hormonal functions of insulin, one of the best ways to do this is to do a deep dive on diabetes, both type I and type II. Again, to be able to understand how diabetes impacts the human body, one has to understand how insulin functions normally..
Who was the greatest figure in the history of psychology?
While many would argue that Wundt, who was the first person to actively study psychology, could be considered the most significant contributor to the development of psychology, one very controversial figure made an impact that resonates in psychology to this day. Despite his many bizarre theories about sexuality and its impacts on behavior, Sigmund Freud's most significant contribution to psychology was his contention that most human beings do not understand their motivations for their behaviors, and that many forces that impact our behavior are not within the realms of our cognitive awareness. This idea of the unconscious, or a part of the cognitive system that impacts behavior but that is not available for conscious report, made a huge difference in both psychology as a science and for psychology as a clinical practice.
Subject: Cognitive Science
In cognitive science, there is a debate between more holistic models of neuroscience and more specific models of neuroscience, debating between whether consciousness is a product of specific areas of the brain or a function of the entire brain as a functioning whole. Which of these theories is supported by clinical data?
In fact, both of these models have found support in studies of human neurology and neuroscience. While lesions to specific areas of the brain can lead to extremely specific losses of conscious experience, such as lesions to V4 in the visual cortex can eliminate perception of colors, many other illnesses such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer;s demonstrate that small, diffuse lesions can also significantly impact the awareness of the patient. These findings appear to indicate that while specific parts of the brain can have very specific, dedicated tasks, our overall experience of consciousness and perception of the world requires the functioning of the brain as an interconnected neural system.