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Paloma F.
Lawyer who believes learning about languages makes the world closer!
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Spanish
TutorMe
Question:

Which are the rules on accentuation in Spanish? ¿Cuáles son las reglas de acentuación en español?

Paloma F.
Answer:

The general rules of accentuation in Spanish are defined by classifying words according to the syllable in which the word is stressed: If the word is stressed in the last syllable, said the word is called "aguda". One must mark the accentuation ( ´ ) if it ends with the letters "n", "s" or in a vowel. For example avión, atacó, aragonés. If the word is stressed in the last syllable but does not end in the mentioned letters, then they must NOT be marked, for example, atroz, trigal, reloj. If the word is stressed in the penultimate syllable, it is referred to as "grave". One must mark the accentuation ( ´ ) in the penultimate syllable if the word does NOT end in "n", "s" or in a vowel. For example cáncer, dátil, fácil. If the word is stressed in the antepenultimate syllable, it is referred to as an "esdrújula". These words are ALWAYS marked ( ´) in the stressed syllable. For example, esdrújula, pájaro, teléfono. ---- Las reglas generales de acentuación en español son definidas por la clasificación dada a las palabras de acuerdo a la sílaba en la que la pronunciación habitual de la palabra se hace más fuerza: Si en la pronunciación de la palabra se hace más fuerza en la última sílaba, estamos frente a una palabra aguda. Se marca la tilde ( ´ ) si la palabra termina en "n", "s", o vocal. Por ejemplo: avión, atacó, aragonés. Si en la pronunciación de la palabra se hace más fuerza en la última sílaba, no debe ser marcada con una tilde, por ejemplo: arroz, trigal, reloj. Por su parte, si la palabra se acentúa en la penúltima sílaba, es clasificada como una palabra grave. Debe tildarse ( ´) cuando esta no termina en "n", "s", o vocal, por ejemplo: cáncer, dátil, fácil. Por último, si la pronunciación de la palabra hace más fuerza en la antepenúltima sílaba, estamos frente a una palabra esdrújula. Las palabras esdrújulas siempre se tildan, por ejemplo: esdrújula, pájaro, teléfono.

Public Administration
TutorMe
Question:

Is there such a thing as complete discretional power in the decisions taken by the Public Administration?

Paloma F.
Answer:

No, while things like terms that are legally undetermined on purpose (i.e. highest interest of the child), discretionality of the Administration and political acts exists, one must observe their existence within the rule of law. When a Public Administration needs to apply a legally undetermined term, it has to do it considering the tools of interpretation the regulation establishes for applying said the term. The same happens for discretionality, while there is a breach in which the conviction of the people who are mandated to make decisions comes into play, said breach is limited by the law and how it dictates said decisions must be taken.

Law
TutorMe
Question:

Is it possible for a State to comply with its internal obligations by breaching international obligations?

Paloma F.
Answer:

It would depend on the theory of international obligations that said State's legislation is adhered to. The dualist theory establishes the independence of internal obligations of external obligations, while the monist theory indicates that there is unity in the compliance of international and national obligations of the States. Most States adhere to the dualist theory, as it grants States time to adapt internal systems to the requirements of the newly acquired obligations. Some might argue that the dualist theory goes against the articles 26 and 27 of the Vienna Convention on the Right of Treaties, however, the very Convention understands the requirement of ratification of treaties and therefore, the necessity of confirming what was expressed by the State's representative. On the other hand, it's hard to find a State that adheres completely to the monist theory and the closest example is the Member States of the European Union with many of the regulations the Union accepts. They are supposed to implement it just as it is in their territory.

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