Tutor profile: Sydney S.
Subject: Health and Medicine
A patient is experiencing various symptoms including sneezing, a runny nose, and itchy watery eyes. What is a common over-the-counter corticosteroid nasal spray the patient can take to relieve these symptoms?
Based on the symptoms above, the patient is likely experiencing rhinorrhea, which is the medical terminology for a runny nose, a common symptom of allergies. An over-the-counter medicine the patient can take is fluticasone (Flonase). This medication is a corticosteroid which means it is an anti-inflammatory. This medication will alleviate the inflammation in the nasal cavity. A great pneumonic device for remembering how to treat rhinorrhea is to think about "RHINOs FLOating on water" (to remember rhinorrhea and Flonase).
What is sepsis and what are the telltale signs of a patient experiencing septic shock?
Sepsis occurs when an organ fails and becomes infected, which then causes a system-wide infection throughout the whole body and causes other organs and systems to fail. When determining if a patient is septic, remember the "three 100s": temperature greater than 100.0 degrees F, heart rate less than 100 bpm, and systolic blood pressure less than 100 mm Hg.
Describe in order the four-chambers of the heart and include their main function and any main arteries and veins involved.
The first chamber of the heart is the right atrium. The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the pulmonary artery, and once the atrium is filled with the deoxygenated blood, the blood flows into the second chamber. The second chamber of the heart is the right ventricle. The right ventricle propels the deoxygenated blood through the pulmonary artery where the blood is then oxygenated. The oxygenated blood then enters the pulmonary vein that fills the third chamber. The third chamber is the left atrium. The left atrium fills with the oxygenated blood and propels it into the fourth chamber of the heart. The fourth chamber of the heart is the left ventricle. The left ventricle is the strongest of the four chambers because it propels the oxygenated blood throughout the whole body.
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