Tutor profile: Trae H.
Subject: Organic Chemistry
How do carbocations rank in terms of stability?
Due to hyperconjugation/conjugation between the empty pi orbitals of the carbocation and adjacent sigma bonds, tertiary and allylic carbocations are most likely to be formed. Following this, secondary carbocations are less favored, while primary carbocations almost never form.
What is the difference between acids and bases?
There are multiple types of acids and bases, but generally acids will donate protons to solutions while bases accept protons from solution. Another type of acid/base pair called Lewis acids/bases involves donating electrons, where Lewis acids accept electrons and Lewis bases donate electrons.
Describe the four levels of protein structure.
Primary: Amino acid sequence -- all amino acids that make a protein. Secondary: Common structural elements formed through interactions between the amide backbone (i.e. alpha helices and beta sheets) Tertiary: Fully folded structure that results from interactions between R-groups on the protein. Quaternary: Interactions between two or more separately encoded proteins
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