Tutor profile: Masoom K.
Subject: World Geography
What are global winds and explain their patterns over the world?
Global wind exists over the world due to differential heating of the earth by the sun rays from the equator towards the poles. Since the sun rays are direct at the equator the winds are heated up and it rises up and blows towards the poles. Similarly at the poles due to less heat, the wind cools down and it sinks and blows towards the equator. This is the general pattern of global wind all over the world. There are different types of global wind like trade winds, easterlies, and westerlies.
Subject: Urban Studies
How do we study and prepare a plan for the sanitation sector in urban studies?
Urban studies related to the study and planning of different urban areas. In urban studies, we basically study the history of urbanization of different urban areas and their future expansion as well as a policy framework. Urban studies include the study of different parameters of an area like demographic, economic, infrastructure like roads, railways, housing as well as sanitation. In order to address sanitation in urban studies basically, city sanitation plans are being prepared where water supply, wastewater, toilet, solid waste are are taken care of. A baseline study is done to see the current gaps in the sanitation sector and then long and short terms strategies are given to meet the demand. The policy framework is also suggested to order to implement city sanitation plans.
Subject: Human Geography
Explain the concept of possibilism with suitable examples?
The concept of possibilism came as a result of the interaction of human beings with nature where a man acts as active force and nature acts as a passive force. In possibilism, it is believed that everywhere there are possibilities in nature instead of necessities and man acts as a master of these possibilities. Man acts as a master who is capable of modifying and adjusting these possibilities according to their demands. For example, agriculture advancement which came after the green revolution which leads to an increase in the agriculture output with the invention of new technology clearly shows how humans have harnessed the different possibilities in nature in order to satisfy their increasing demand, and thus we can see the influence of possibilism. Likewise, we can also see the influence of possibilism after the Industrial revolution, huge urban sprawl as a result of urbanization, etc.