# Tutor profile: Eric G.

## Questions

### Subject: Spanish

Identifica y explica como se presentan dos temas importantes en La Casa de Alba Bernarda escrito por García Lorca.

En La Casa de Bernarda Alba Bernarda refleja los temas de tradición y orden. Bernarda representa los temas a través de su vestidura y sobrilla negra, su manera de hablar rígida, y su manera de actuar conservadora. Bernarda guarda luto por ocho años, siguiendo la costumbre de vestirse todo de negro y igualmente, sigue las reglas establecidas por la sociedad. Tradiciones culturales son pasadas por lfamilias a través generaciones. Lamentar la muerte de un esposo es una tradición común en los siglos anteriores al siglo XX. En el primer acto Bernarda dice “En ocho años que dure el luto no ha de entrar en esta casa el viento de la calle. Haceros cuenta que hemos tapiado con ladrillos puertas y ventanas. Así pasó en casa de mi padre y en casa de mi abuelo. …” Aquí Bernarda explica los requisitos estrictos de guardar luto, describiendolos como si las puertas y ventanas estuvieran tapadas con ladrillos. También indica que esta tradición existe desde muchas generaciones atrás. Cada generación debe hacer lo mismo y seguira “orden” de la familia y cultura. El escenario pintado por Bernarda también contribuye a representar el tema de la tradición. En el acto 3(…), cuando la criada dice a Bernarda, “cállate, que las vecinas están escuchando por los barrotes de las ventanas*”, se habla de las barras en las ventanas. Los barrotes era algo tradicional en los pueblos de Andalucía, el lugar donde se desarrolla la obra. Atreves el personaje de Bernarda el escenario, Lorca representa la tradición en la obra.

### Subject: SAT

The mean height of the students in Juan’s math class is equal to the mean height of the students in his English class. However, while the standard deviation of the heights of students in his math class is 3.2 inches, the standard deviation of the heights of students in his English class is 6.1 inches. Which of the following statements must be true? A) The mean height of the students in Juan’s English class is 2.9 inches greater than the mean height of the students in his math class. B) The median height of the students in Juan’s English class is 2.9 inches greater than the median height of the students in his math class. C) The median height of the students in Juan’s math class is 2.9 inches greater than the median height of the students in his English class. D) The heights of the students in Juan’s math class are less variable than the heights of the students in his English class.

This question deals with: standard deviation —how something varies from the mean; how data is spread out from the middle mean/average —add up all data and divide by number of data, or add then divide middle two #s by two median –if you list all the data, smallest to largest, it is the middle number in the list These are the measures of central tendency because they measure how much something varies or differs from the center location in that data. For example, if you had a garden of flowers that were different shades of red (pink-red, orange-red, purple-red), but most were clown-red, how does each flower compare? Some will be lighter than most of the flowers, others will be more orange than most of the flowers. You compare each flower to what you see to be the most common color in your flower garden. STANDARD DEVIATION: the more something deviates, or differs from the mean, the higher its standard deviation. Picture a mountain. Is your mountain very pointy and narrow like a street cone? Or is it more like the shape of a computer mouse and spread out? A data set with low standard deviation would look more like a street cone plotted on a graph. One with a high standard deviation would have the data differ much more from the normal, or the center, so you'd get a flatter belly, like the shape of a computer mouse. Standard deviation tells us about how your data is SPREAD, or extends from the mean, but it doesn't describe the mean itself. It sometimes matches with the mean and median, but it doesn't have to. Standard deviation would tell you how well you spread the jam across your white bread: low standard deviation if it's all a clump, high if it's spread to the edges. But it doesn't tell you how much you put on your sandwich. THE QUESTION: The standard deviation is higher in English (6.1") than math class (3.2"). Not A) because standard deviation does not equal mean (though mean is used to calculate it). Not B) because standard deviation does not equal the median. Not C) because, again, standard deviation does not equal the median. THE ANSWER: D) The heights of the students in Juan’s math class are less variable than the heights of the students in his English class. Because, standard deviation tells us how much their heights varied from the mean, whatever the mean was for each class, which we don't know.

### Subject: Writing

What's in a theme?

When I was in school I remember feeling like I needed to prove myself to sound smart. I'd find the strangest and longest words in the thesaurus, thinking I would get an A in my assignments. But then I learned about themes, as you are now. A theme is the subject of what you're writing and it should always be clear and concise. Without a theme you have no destination. Like playing soccer without a goal. Being a good writer is less about knowing the rules of writing and more about having something to say. That's why a theme is so important. Don't get me wrong, writing with credibility means you should always pay attention to grammar and punctuation, but your ideas are even more important. You write to communicate something to an audience, and you need to find the shortest path to reach them. What is the vocabulary your readers understand? What are things that they can relate to and that support what you want to write about? Most importantly, what do you want to say? What do you want the reader to understand? Once you figure out your theme, every part of your writing will refer back the idea in your theme. The theme is the idea you're trying to prove and get across. But how do you come up with a theme? ( 1 ) Choose a TOPIC (if it interests you, it'll be easier!) Ex. Climate change, OR the nature of black holes, OR why your pet is the best ( 2 ) BRAINSTORM (get some scratch paper) Ex. Climate change is not necessarily causing large hurricanes because correlation is not causation, OR black holes could be portals into other dimensions, OR fish are easier to care for than other pets ( 3 ) ORGANIZE (write the idea and your main reasons in one or two sentences) Ex. While climate change is having an effect on our planet, it's impossible to attribute specific weather events, like major hurricanes, to global warming because correlation is not causation. OR There is a theory set forth by scientists today that black holes could be portals into other dimensions because of the law of conservation of energy states that information cannot be lost OR Fish are the best pets because they're friendly, you don't need to walk them, and they don't back. The rest of your essay would focus on expanding on your theme. If you look at any piece of writing, whether it be news articles, novels, or even notes to your besties, there's always a theme. What is the theme? It's just what you want to say.

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