# Tutor profile: Kayla J.

## Questions

### Subject: Writing

What are three ways of prewriting?

One way of prewriting is to just write. We call this a stream of consciousness writing or freewriting. You write for at least 5 minutes without stopping and gather all the ideas you have without editing. After you are finished, you select all the most interesting ideas you wrote and begin your project. The second way of prewriting is listing. List everything you know about your subject or everything you find interesting about your subject. Once you're finished, group all your similar ideas into sections that could be separate paragraphs or topics. See if you can write sentences that describe each section. These sentences can be your topic sentence for the beginning of your paragraph. A third way of prewriting is called the 5 W's and 1 H. You ask and answer these questions about your topic - who, what, when, where, why, and how. For some subjects, this will cause you to ask questions about your topic that interest you. If you're writing about cheetahs, you might ask, where do cheetahs live? How fast can cheetahs run? Or if you're writing about a person, you might ask, where were they from? Why were they important?

### Subject: Basic Math

How do you do common core, box method long division? For example, what is 436 divided by 2?

The box method is all about breaking the equation into smaller, easier parts. 1. Draw a box. Put the bigger number, 436, inside the box, and the smaller number, 2, on the left beside the box. 2. You can look at 436 and ask, what is the easiest number that I can multiply by 2 that will fit inside 436? I know 2 x 200 is 400, and that will fit inside the box. So we will put 200 above the box. 3. Now multiply 2 x 200. We know that is 400, so we will put that inside the box, under 436 to subtract. 4. We will subtract 436 - 400. 436 minus 400 equals 36. 5. Draw a new box and put 36 inside. 6. What is the easiest number I can multiply by 2 that will fit or equal 36? (You might know that 2 x 18 equals 36. Or, you might choose a smaller number and draw another box.) 7. Let's put 18 above the box. Now multiply 2 x 18. 2 times 18 equals 36. Put 36 inside the box under 36. 8. Subtract 36 minus 36. That is 0. 9. Now we add together all the numbers above the box. That is 200 + 18. 200 plus 18 equals 218. 10. Our answer is 436 divided by 2 equals 218. [This is much easier drawn on paper than explained in words! :)]

### Subject: Psychology

What is the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable? Provide a research question and describe the variables.

The independent variable is known as the "cause" - this is the variable that you will change/manipulate to find the effect. The dependent variable is known as the "outcome" - this will be the effect or result of the manipulation. Research question: Do students test better in the morning or at night? Independent variable: Time of day, the morning or at night. Dependent variable: Student test results

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