Tutor profile: Katherine D.
How do I tell the difference between the nominative (Nominativ), accusative (Akkusativ), and dative (Dativ) cases?
This can be tricky in German, but not impossible! Let's use the sentence "Ich gebe meiner Mutter einen Hund" (I give my mother a dog). To start we need to identify the verb. In this sentence, the verb is geben (gebe), to give. The nominative is the person/object doing the verb, it can often be found by answering the question (with our verb of "give") "Who is giving?" The person giving is "ich." Now the accusative object is receiving the verb "I am giving what?" The dog is being given, which makes it accusative. Since Hund is masculine (Der), "ein" has the ending -en. Lastly, the dative object is the person or object receiving the accusative object, this can always be found with the question"to whom?" So to whom is the dog being given? Die Mutter! But since she is dative, die changes to der.
Subject: Basic Math
If I had a pizza with 12 whole slices, and I gave you 4 of them, what fraction of the pizza did I give you?
In order to answer this question, we need to think about the format of a fraction: Parts/Whole. In our whole pizza we have 12 slices. In your part of the pizza, you have 4 slices. This would make the fraction Parts=4/Whole=12 --> 4/12. We can make this fraction even more simple by dividing each part by 4. 4 divided by 4 = 1, 12 divided by 4 is 3. So our fraction of 4/12 can also be written as 1/3 in its simplest form.
What's more important? Nature or nurture (or both)?
This age old question of psychology is still being debated today. Most psychologists would agree that everyone experiences influence from both their genes (nature) and their environment (nurture). For example, the development of synaptic connections in our brain are both created in anticipation of environmental stimuli (nature commands this process) and if/when these connections aren't used, they undergo dendritic atrophy. However, more synaptic connections are made the more new experiences you have (nurture commands this process), and the more things one learns and experiences, the more connections one will have. I argue that both are important! One is not favored over the other and they both have roles in everything we do.
needs and Katherine will reply soon.