Tutor profile: Barry F.
Subject: Library and Information Science
In your own words, what is the primary purpose of the reference interview and what is one critique of the usefulness of this library service?
The purpose of a reference interview is to clarify the information needs of a library user by posing a structured set of informational questions and then recommending accurate, relevant, and timely library resources to meet those information needs. The librarian should also use this set of five questions to help put the library patron at ease in order to make sure the information is properly exchanged. One critique of the reference interview pertains to its perceived narrow audience— users of libraries. As more information seekers utilize online information resources to make potentially life-altering decisions, information professionals should be installed in spaces more directly adjacent to these users (online).
From the perspective of Emile Durkhiem, what is the primary difference between mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity?
One major difference between mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity is the environment from which they stem. Mechanical solidarity emerges in simpler societies, while organic solidarity emerges in what Durkhiem called “modern” or “advanced” societies. To produce mechanical solidarity, self-sufficient people connect with others by close personal ties and traditions. This may be aided by familial networks or religious institutions. To produce organic solidarity, on the other hand, people connect with others based on their shared reliance on others in the division of labor.
What is Cognitive Dissonance? Provide an example of an individual experiencing Cognitive Dissonance and describe how this person may adapt to this situation.
Cognitive Dissonance is the internal psychological conflict that results from holding two contradictory or incompatible beliefs or attitudes. An example of this would be someone having a close work friend who has apposing political views. This individual may choose to adapt to this dissonance by strategically avoiding conversational topics related to politics.
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