What is the significance of Ovid's prologue at the beginning of "The Metamorphoses"?
During the prologue, Ovid invokes the names of the god's of which he is about to write about to not only gain their blessing and allow it to be a successful work, but to "breathe life" into the work itself. This act of invoking the gods can be seen as an extended form of Xenia, or hospitality, an extremely important elements of the Grecco/Roman culture. It is a form of Xenia because he is making a welcome to all those who are reading the text, as well as to all those who are met throughout the text. The prologue of this text is much more than a simple explanation of the following pages, but an invocation of life and power into the text.
What is the importance of literacy, historically and culturally? Cite a historical figure as evidence.
Fredrick Douglass, a man enslaved for the majority of his life, credits literacy as the pathway to his freedom. Without the ability to read and write Douglass would not have discovered the cruelty and injustice that was not only happening to him, but to thousands of African Amerian slaves in the United States, nor would he have had the ability to become the voice for these people and lead the abolitionist movement to success. Literacy still carries that same important weight in our modern society. Without the ability to read and write, people are trapped within the world as other people tell them. This is why the enslaved people of this country were not permitted to learn how to perform these tasks. Literacy leads to knowledge and knowledge is freedom.
How would one create a successful and inclusive lesson utilizing Gardener's Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a foundation of design?
When using Gardener's Theory of Multiple Intelligences as a framework to build a lesson, one must consider all 8 of the intelligences, these being; musical–rhythmic, visual–spatial, verbal–linguistic, logical–mathematical, bodily–kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic intelligence. A successful lesson that is based upon this theory will provide access to the material that is being taught by using teaching strategies that target each one of these particular areas of intelligence. For example, a lesson teaching the material from "Oedipus Rex" may include a spoken word portion, an acting or movement portion, a visual portion like a portrait or collage, small group work, and independent work. Each of these activities activates a certain intelligence, for this lesson 4 intelligences are accessed, these being bodily-kinesthetic, intra and interpersonal, verbal linguistic, and visual-spatial intelligences. By activating each of these intelligences, many different students are then provided access to the same material in ways that they may learn to the best of their abilities.