Tutor profile: Melissa R.
Subject: Library and Information Science
How do you evaluate webpages for authorative and accurate information?
Especially with the widespread misinformation present on the Web, it is more important than ever to know how to evaluate information. Any website, whether from a government entity, an organization, or a corporation or individual, must have citations and sources to back up what they're communicating. If you can see links to articles, webpages or resources to substantiate their claims, you can have a degree of confidence in the validity of the information. Critical thinking is crucial to evaluating websites. Think about how statements are made, especially if they involve statistics and demographics, and ask what exactly is being communicated. Often, there can be a contradiction that reflects the site's spin on a topic, a contradiction that can be determined upon careful reading. With these techniques, a website can be evaluated for its truthfulness and utility for any research question.
Subject: US History
What impact did the Battle of Gettysburg have on the course of the Civil War?
The Battle of Gettysburg is widely seen as representing the end of the Confederacy's position of strength during the Civil War. Until July of 1863, the Confederacy had been more successful in battles, outright winning or drawing most conflicts to a draw. If the Union had lost the Battle of Gettysburg, the Confederacy could have continued its invasion of the North and even attacked important Union cities like Philadelphia, Baltimore and even Washington, D.C. But thanks to the Union standing firm and dealing a decisive defeat to the Confederacy, the South was at the beginning of the end of its success.
Subject: European History
How did Henry VIII's decision to divorce his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, complicate relations between England and other countries in Europe?
Henry VIII upended the religious, political and personal relationships throughout Europe with his decision to cast aside his first wife. By eventually disavowing the Pope and establishing himself as head of the English Church, Henry created a breach within English society between those who remained Catholic and those who became Protestant, whether out of faith and personal leanings or political calculations. Furthermore, it meant that English Catholics were no longer required to obey Henry VIII. What's more, as the Holy Roman Emperor at the time happened to both be Katherine's aunt and holding the Pope hostage, Henry VIII was at the mercy of his inlaws and their extended family in this matter. England found itself marooned in Europe and caught between the great powers of Spain and France, both strongly Catholic but with various connections to the English royal family and aristocracy. Henry VIII's decision touched off nearly a century of religious turmoil within England and reshaped the political alliances of Europe.
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