What is one way for a writer to proof-read his/her work without the aid of another person?
Try reading what you have written out-loud to yourself to catch grammatical errors, awkward sentences, and gaps in your argument.
What is the central debate related to auteur theory?
The first proponents of auteur theory during the politique des auteurs phase argued that the author of the film was the central producer of meaning, excluding the spectator, ideology, and context from the production of meaning in a given film text. Phase 2 of auteur theory was characterized by structuralism that included structures such as the auteur, linguistic, social, and institution elements that together all produced meaning. This phase still excluded spectator and ideology though it took more underlying structures into account in the reading of a film text. Phase 3 is commonly labeled as post-structuralism auteur theory that includes semiotics, psychoanalysis, feminism, and deconstructed theories in addition to previous underlying structures in the reading of a film text. Unlike phase 1 and 2, phase 3 includes the auteur and the spectator in the role of producing meaning from a film text. In addition, there is a two-way ideological effect on the spectator (the film produces meaning for the spectator, and the spectator produces meaning for the film).
What are the basic principles of culture-as-communication?
Culture as communication is symbolic communication that encompasses micro-interactions within a society that are practiced through institutions. For example, interactions may include values, skills, and knowledge practiced through the institution of the Catholic Church.