Analyze the phenomenon of "Dragon Sickness" from J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Hobbit".
Dragon Sickness is a mental ailment that stems from greed. Smaug is characterized as being greedy beyond compare, hoarding his treasure, and killing anyone who gets too close. Thorin also is affected by Dragon Sickness. With the dwarf, his intentions don't initially stem from a place of greed. However, as his goal becomes a reality, his fear of losing everything that he's gained pollutes his own mind. The theme that Tolkien is expressing is one of human nature. Everyone is greedy, to an extent. However, if one lets oneself become obsessed with gold and treasure, one will loose oneself.
What is an example of a fairy tale inspired by Classical mythology?
The Beauty and the Beast is indeed a tale as old as time. At least, it's as old as Greek mythology. This fairy tale was inspired by the myth of Eros (or Cupid) and Psyche. Both protagonists are incredibly beautiful and kind, and both are taken away to a place with invisible servants. In some versions of Beauty and the Beast even have the challenges that Psyche faces when she goes on her quest to find her soulmate.
What is the importance of fifteenth-century Queen Isabella of Spain?
While many might mark Queen Isabella's most important act as sending Christopher Columbus on his quest to find a shorter way to the East Indies, she created something else the same year. This was, of course, the Spanish Inquisition, a force designed to expose the Jews who had not left during the expulsion of their people. The Inquisition lasted long after Isabella's death, being active until the early 20th century.